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Water Slide Mechanical Energy Problem

  1. Oct 11, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A 58.5 kg child slides down a water slide with a velocity of 1.2 m/sec at the top. At the bottom of the slide, she is moving horizontally, y=1.5 meters above the water. She splashes into the water d=2 meters to the left of the bottom of the slide.
    1) Assuming potential energy to be zero at the water level, what is the mechanical energy of the child at the top of the slide?
    a) MEo=

    b) Find h

    2. Relevant equations
    KE = .5*m*v^2
    Wg = mgh
    PE = Wc
    Yf = Yo + Vo*t + .5*g*t^2
    ΔKE = ΔPE
    Vf = Vo + a*t

    3. The attempt at a solution

    So, this is what I tried, and it turned out to not be correct. Maybe I made a mistake somewhere and if so would someone be kind enough to point it out/ help me figure out the correct way to solve this. Thank you.

    So I started with knowing there was some initial KE:

    KEt = .5 * 58.5 * (1.2)^2 = 42.12 J

    I knew also that at the bottom there is:

    KEb = .5 * 58.5 * v^2 = 29.25 * v^2

    I knew from the problem that at the bottom of the slide, the girl is not moving in the Y direction, thus I can assume a standard 2-D kinematic type of problem to solve for V

    1.5 = .5 * 9.81 * t^2
    t^2 = 3 / 9.81
    t = .55 sec

    V = 2m / .55sec = 3.64 m/s

    I then knew the KE at the bottom when the girl hit the water to be

    KE = 29.25(3.64)^2 = 386.78 J

    From Ei = Ef I said that the MEo was 386.78 J... which as it turned out, was not correct.

    I stopped here because without knowing the MEo I could not get h.
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 11, 2013 #2

    TSny

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    Hi, StormPix. Welcome to PF!

    Looks like you assumed that the speed of 3.64 m/s is the speed of the child when she hits the water. But, actually that's the speed somewhere else. How much potential energy of gravity is there at the point where the speed is 3.64 m/s? (I get 3.61 m/s rather than 3.64 m/s. I don't know if round off error will be important here.)
     
  4. Oct 11, 2013 #3

    Simon Bridge

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    2016 Award

    Check:
    * Definition of "mechanical energy".
    * Where do you need to calculate the mechanical energy at?
     
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