What are the different types of woods used in construction?

In summary, softwood is the most commonly used type of wood in construction, known for its strength and durability. Hardwood, such as oak and maple, is preferred for structural elements due to its density and strength, as well as its appearance and resistance to wear and tear. When it comes to outdoor construction, naturally resistant woods like redwood and cedar are often used. Engineered wood, made from layers of wood bonded together, is also commonly used in construction for its strength and stability. Woods prone to rot, such as pine and hemlock, should be avoided in construction projects.
  • #1
median27
58
0
I need a list of different types of woods used in construction and their properties. I can't find them on any Construction materials and testing books. I hope somebody would give me a direct link of a useful site. Thanks
 
Engineering news on Phys.org
  • #3
http://www.awc.org/standards/nds.html
 
Last edited by a moderator:
  • #5


I would first like to clarify that there are many different types of woods used in construction, and the specific types used can vary depending on the location, climate, and availability of the wood. However, some commonly used woods in construction include:

1. Pine - This is a softwood that is widely used in construction due to its affordability and availability. It is known for its light color and straight grain, and it is often used for framing, flooring, and furniture.

2. Cedar - This is a type of softwood with natural oils that make it resistant to rot and decay. It is commonly used for outdoor projects such as decks, fences, and siding.

3. Oak - This is a hardwood that is known for its strength and durability. It is commonly used for flooring, furniture, and decorative trim.

4. Redwood - This is another type of softwood that is naturally resistant to decay and insects. It is commonly used for outdoor projects such as decks, fences, and siding.

5. Maple - This is a hardwood known for its light color and smooth grain. It is commonly used for flooring, furniture, and cabinets.

6. Mahogany - This is a hardwood with a rich, dark color and a straight grain. It is commonly used for high-end furniture and decorative trim.

7. Douglas Fir - This is a softwood that is known for its strength and durability. It is commonly used for framing, flooring, and plywood.

8. Cherry - This is a hardwood with a reddish-brown color and a smooth grain. It is commonly used for furniture, cabinets, and decorative trim.

9. Birch - This is a hardwood with a light color and a fine, even grain. It is commonly used for plywood, furniture, and decorative trim.

10. Teak - This is a hardwood with natural oils that make it resistant to water and decay. It is commonly used for outdoor furniture and boat building.

These are just a few examples of the many types of woods used in construction. It is important to note that each type of wood has its own unique properties and characteristics, and it is important to consider these when choosing the right wood for a construction project. I recommend consulting with a local lumberyard or construction professional for more specific information and recommendations based on your location and project needs.
 

Related to What are the different types of woods used in construction?

1. What is the most commonly used type of wood in construction?

The most commonly used type of wood in construction is softwood. Softwoods come from coniferous trees, such as pine, fir, and cedar, and are known for their strength and durability.

2. What are the advantages of using hardwood in construction?

Hardwood, which comes from deciduous trees like oak, maple, and cherry, is known for its density and strength, making it a popular choice for structural elements such as beams and flooring. It also has a beautiful appearance and is resistant to wear and tear.

3. What types of wood are best suited for outdoor construction?

When it comes to outdoor construction, it is crucial to choose a type of wood that is resistant to moisture and decay. Woods such as redwood, cedar, and teak are naturally resistant to these elements and are often used for decks, fences, and outdoor furniture.

4. Can engineered wood be used in construction?

Yes, engineered wood, which is made from layers of wood veneers or strands bonded together with adhesives, can be used in construction. It is often used for structural components such as beams and columns and is known for its strength and stability.

5. What type of wood should be avoided in construction?

Woods that are prone to rot, such as pine, hemlock, and spruce, should be avoided in construction projects. They are not as durable as other types of wood and can quickly deteriorate when exposed to moisture and pests.

Similar threads

Replies
3
Views
1K
Replies
2
Views
377
Replies
2
Views
1K
Replies
24
Views
3K
  • General Engineering
Replies
23
Views
2K
  • Engineering and Comp Sci Homework Help
Replies
1
Views
1K
Replies
3
Views
1K
Replies
14
Views
2K
Replies
3
Views
702
Replies
16
Views
4K
Back
Top