What is the difference between structural isomerism and geometric isomerism?

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  • #1
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What is the difference between structural isomerism and geometric isomerism??

Yea. The thread title explains it.
 

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  • #2
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the answer, as well as the question, is in the title as well :) structural isomerisim is the same emperical formula but constructed differently. This is most apparent, obviously, in organic chemistry. So say you have 3 carbons and 6 hydrogens, you can arrange that in quite a few ways to make very different molecules but with the same emperical (not molecular) formula.

geometric isomerisim is where you have different isomers due to differences arrising from cis and trans arrangements of atoms.
 
  • #3
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FunkyDwarf said:
the answer, as well as the question, is in the title as well :) structural isomerisim is the same emperical formula but constructed differently. This is most apparent, obviously, in organic chemistry. So say you have 3 carbons and 6 hydrogens, you can arrange that in quite a few ways to make very different molecules but with the same emperical (not molecular) formula.

geometric isomerisim is where you have different isomers due to differences arrising from cis and trans arrangements of atoms.
Taking this a little further, 4 carbon atoms and 10 hydrogen atoms could be arranged to form simple Butane but it could also be 2-methylpropane. The two are structural isomers.

A geometric isomer could be one with a chiral carbon (correct me if I am wrong). The two are completely the same except, by rotation alone, they can never match up.

The Bob (2004 ©)
 
  • #4
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yeh thats optical isomerisim though which is a little different
 
  • #5
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FunkyDwarf said:
yeh thats optical isomerisim though which is a little different
Oh no...... of course you're right. How stupid of me. So sorry! :frown:

Cheers for the correction, :biggrin:

The Bob (2004 ©)
 
  • #6
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They differ in how they rotate polarized light (i.e. [tex] C_{2}H_{6}0 [/tex]
 

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