# What is the nature of the origin of reciprocal space, please?

• wangasu
The origin of reciprocal space is determined by diffraction. The diffraction holds the same direction as the incident light with diffraction vector being zero. So, the origin can be easily located as the head of an incident wave vector in Ewald’s sphere.

#### wangasu

Hi, all

I got a question about the origin of reciprocal space..what is the physical nature of the special point? Does that originate from diffraction? or Is that a diffraction points? We know that a 'normal' reciprocal point designates a group of parallel plane. How about the origin of reciprocal space?

In a powder diffraction, we observed only ONE origin of reciprocal space from a huge number of small single crystals. By contrast, the other points which correspond to a CERTAIN plane form a sphere surrunding the origin of reciprocal space..Why does all the origin of reciprocal space for all the single crystal in the power sample come into one point? What factors determine the location of the special point? Is that associated with the direction of the incident beam? Thank you.

Your concepts seem a bit convoluted. The reciprocal space is a mathematical construct. There is a connection between its origin and a plane wave of zero frequency (i.e. a constant) In diffraction the incident light can only change its k vector by the value of a point on the reciprocal lattice. If that is the origin, the light's direction doesn't change and it goes straight through. The reciprocal lattice is a set of points from the reciprocal space.

Thanks Ox..It sounds that it is true that the origin of reciprocal space comes from diffraction, and the diffraction holds the same direction as the incident light with diffraction vector being zero. So, the origin can be easily located as the head of an incident wave vector in Ewald’s sphere. Here is one more question. In practice, the origin of electron diffraction patterns is always a bright spot, can we say it concerns both transmission and diffraction? Thanks.