Which countries have nuclear arms?

  • #26
Loose Nukes

There should be a NUKE-GATE Congressional
trial about this 'shell game' of moving atom and
"dirty" bomb elements from place to place on
tax payers money....and extorting more to
perpetuate the problem.

There IS only one way to stop nuclear proliferation
and that is to denature and neutralize bomb grade
elements.

http://members.cox.net/theroyprocess
-----------------------------------------------------------

http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A30706-2003Oct1?language=printer

washingtonpost.com
Loose Uranium
Thursday, October 2, 2003; Page A22


DESPOTS AND TERRORISTS seeking nuclear weapons need not produce their own bomb materials. Nor do they need the cooperation of a government. The frightening reality is that highly enriched uranium suitable for weapons can be found at more than 130 sites in 40 countries, many of them lightly guarded or supervised by poorly paid and demoralized officials. Last month the United States and Russia quietly eliminated one of those targets, transporting 30 pounds of weapons-grade uranium from a nuclear reactor facility in Romania to Russia, where it will be converted into a form not suitable for bombs. The secret operation, paid for by the U.S. Department of Energy, was the second such recovery mission in a little over a year, and a praiseworthy example of U.S.-Russian cooperation.

Yet compared with the overall threat, the Romania extraction was a drop in the bucket. At this rate, it will take a quarter-century to recover all the bomb-grade materials at the two dozen sites identified by the State Department as most urgent -- not to mention those scattered around the rest of the world. In the meantime, they offer a temptingly soft target to terrorists seeking a short cut to a bomb. The Bush administration has been slowly awakening to this huge problem, but it needs to accelerate its efforts and do more to overcome resistance at home and abroad.

more....
 
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  • #27
JoFramboos
Hey all,
I'm a student of the University of Antwerp (Belgium) and I'm working on a paper about the nuclear thread to the world. Does any of you know a good source were I can find an overvieuw of all the countries in the world that posses nuclear arms?

Thanks!!
 
  • #28
JoFramboos
Hey all,
I found a link you all might be interessted in:

http://www.ceip.org/files/nonprolif/weapons/weapon.asp?ID=3&weapon=nuclear [Broken]
 
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  • #29
40 Countries Have Nukes

"35 or 40" countries able to make nuclear weapons: IAEA chief

Friday October 31, 2:50 AM

http://sg.news.yahoo.com/031030/1/3fg7u.html [Broken]

Up to 40 countries are believed to be capable of manufacturing nuclear weapons, underlining the need to reinforce and update the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, International Atomic Energy Agency chief Mohamed ElBaradei told a French newspaper.

The treaty, which came into force in 1970, has been overtaken by a world in which developing nuclear arms has become attractive not only to many countries, but also to "terrorist groups," ElBaradei told Friday's issue of Le Monde.

The number of countries believed to be able to create such weapons "is estimated at 35 or 40," he said.

"And under the current regime, there is nothing illicit for a non-nuclear state to conduct uranium-enriching activities ... or even to possess military-grade nuclear material," he said.

Should any one of them decide to break their commitment to the non-proliferation treaty, experts believe it "could produce a weapon in just a few months."

He added: "We are already on the verge of catastrophe with North Korea."

Elsewhere in the interview, ElBaradei said his agency was at work verifying Iran's nuclear programme, and said a report would be made at the next UN Security Council meeting.

To cope with the increasing risk of other countries developing nuclear arms, the agency head said a beefed-up version of the non-proliferation treaty was needed, beyond the tweaking that it went through in 1995 after the first Gulf War.

"We have to reach agreement on limiting the construction, in civilian programmes, of nuclear material for military ends by confining this to installations under multilateral control."

A "new safety system" that would treat the causes of international insecurity, not just their symptoms, also should be created that would not be based on "dissuasion, but on fairness and universality," he argued.

=========
*** NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in
receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.***
 
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  • #31
Nuclear Weapons Conference Resolution

Resolution and papers from this Conference

http://www.uraniumweaponsconference.de/


Press Release and Statement of Conference Conclusions (PDF)

Conference Resolution 1:
Conference Statement – ICRP Risk Model (PDF)

Conference Resolution 2:
Scientist's Communiqué (PDF)

Conference Resolution 3:
Need for Comprehensive Screening in Contaminated Areas (PDF)

Kurzinfo und Spendenaufruf zur Konferenz (PDF)

Conference short (PDF)

For more information, contact:

Gewaltfreie Aktion Atomwaffen Abschaffen

www.uraniumweaponsconference.de[/url] - [url]www.uranwaffenkonferenz.de[/URL]

Co-Coordinator: Marion Küpker, Beckstraße 14, 20357 Hamburg, Germany

Phone +49-40-4307332 - Fax +49-40-43183233 - Email:
[email]marionkuepker@compuserve.com[/email]
 
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  • #32
Nuclear De-Alerting Confernce

Dr. Helen Caldicott is organizing a symposium in January called "THREE MINUTES TO MIDNIGHT, THE IMMINENT THREAT OF NUCLEAR WAR" in Washington, DC at the Shoreham Hotel. You will find all the details on the web page at http://www.nuclearpolicy.org. The world's top nuclear scientists and military people from both Russian and the US have been invited and it promises to be a mind altering event. This topic needs to be introduced into the presidential debates and election campaign as the candidates are totally ignoring the issue at
the moment.

See link on left hand side of homepage at:
http://www.nuclearpolicy.org


COUNTDOWN TO ARMAGEDDON article:
http://www.americanfreepress.net/11_07_03/Countdown_to_Armageddon/countdown_to_armageddon.html [Broken]
 
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  • #33
Bunker Buster II animation

Bunker Buster II animation:

http://www.markfiore.com/animation/bustertwo.html [Broken]
 
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  • #34
138
0
UN website on Non-proliferation Treaty and disarmament:

http://disarmament2.un.org/wmd/npt/ [Broken]

And what about the USA program for mini-nukes? By delivering the weapon more accurately — within 30 feet — they say a blast of only one-half kiloton would be enough to destroy the bunker. The radiation zone would be reduced to a little more than a mile.

1. US Congress lifts ban on mini-nukes
Agreement frees nuclear-weapons labs to develop low-yield bombs By Ian Hoffman

In a deal cut Thursday, Senate and House lawmakers scrapped a decade-old ban on developing low-yield nuclear weapons. Ending a bitter, months-long fight over the nation's nuclear policy, the agreement frees nuclear-weapons physicists in California and New Mexico to design a class of hydrogen bombs that explode at under five kilotons of TNT -- in essence, less than one-third the explosive power of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
more on: http://www.trivalleyherald.com/Stories/0,1413,86~10669~1750904,00.html

2. Dave Zweifel: Bush would use mini-nukes, prof warns.
Is George Bush the most dangerous president in U.S. history?
If you ask Professor John Swomley, he is.

http://www.madison.com/captimes/opinion/column/zweifel/56811.php

Is this the way it has to go? What if a president goes on coke or whiskey or believes God just called him and said: 'Use them Now!' ... or he just has bad friends wanting to destroy some concurrent economic or agricultural areas (during a war or conflict) in another country. What do you think?
 
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  • #35
selfAdjoint
Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
Dearly Missed
6,786
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Thank you for that report. I hadn't seen it, and I try to keep up. This is grim news indeed. The only dim ray of light I see is that the Army didn't after all use the aerosol MOAB bunker buster after it had been so loudly announced. Seems like a slim thread to depend on the Generals to rein in the foolishness of the administration, but where else can we go?
 
  • #36
Nereid
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
3,367
2
'Unintended consequences'

At the level of statecraft, can anything be done? Assume national leader(s) are wise, altruistic, etc ... what policies can they implement to put the genie back in the bottle?

To see how hard this is, think about US policy (and practice) re Afghanistan in the latter part of the Cold War, and the extent to which those policies - inevitably? - gave rise to OBL and al Q.

The best answers I've seen are those which start by looking to the causes of violence, aggression, etc. In these sorts of approaches, the nuclear question is more like an epiphenomenon.
 
  • #37
selfAdjoint
Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
Dearly Missed
6,786
7
Nereid,

The best answers I've seen are those which start by looking to the causes of violence, aggression, etc. In these sorts of approaches, the nuclear question is more like an epiphenomenon.
This raises some questions. Are nations with low levels of aggression in their populations better interantional neighbors than the other kind? On the one hand Norway. On the other China. Political scientists tend to factor out (or rather "integrate over") the population characteristics. But in a representitive polity, the characteristics of the voters may get amplified (by a kind of moire effect) in the leaders.

I personally think tha the NRA won the 2000 election for Bush. They ran a late and vigorous campaign against Gore in Tennessee and could be said to be responsible for his losing that state. And if he had won it, he would have easily beaten Bush in the Electoral College, whateve happened in Florida. So is the Bush foreign policy representative of the people who think that "More guns = less crime"? Certianly if you go by the expressed beliefs of the warbloggers, you would draw that conclusion.
 
  • #38
IAEA Urge Israel to Scrape Nuke Arms

IAEA chief urges Israel to scrap nuclear weapons

Thursday, November 27, 2003
By Reuters

http://www.enn.com/news/2003-11-27/s_10834.asp [Broken]

VIENNA, Austria — The head of the U.N. nuclear watchdog said Wednesday
he wanted Israel to dismantle its nuclear weapons arsenal and he
believed all Middle Eastern states would benefit from ridding the region
of nuclear weapons.

Israel has not signed the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and has never
officially admitted to having the bomb. But nonproliferation analysts
estimate Israel has between 100 and 200 nuclear weapons.

Asked about a meeting with Israeli Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom last
week, International Atomic Energy Agency chief Mohamed ElBaradei hinted
Israel should sign the NPT, the global pact designed to stop the spread
of nuclear weapons.

"We obviously discussed ... efforts to try to move forward toward
application of safeguards (on) all nuclear activities in the Middle
East, including in Israel, and the possibility of moving forward toward
establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East," he told
reporters.

The U.N. General Assembly and IAEA General Conference have adopted 13
resolutions since 1987 appealing to Israel to sign the NPT and all have
been ignored.

"In my view every country in the Middle East, including Israel, will
benefit from establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East
as part and parcel of a comprehensive peace in the region," ElBaradei said.

Since the 1991 discovery and later dismantling of Iraq's secret nuclear
weapons program, Iran is the only Middle Eastern country suspected of
developing nuclear weapons — apart from Israel.

Pakistan and India have nuclear weapons and have not signed the NPT.
North Korea is suspected of having built at least one atom bomb and
withdrew from the NPT on New Year's Eve last year.

--


Posted for educational and research purposes only,
~ in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107 ~

See also http://nucnews.net - NucNews Links and Archives
 
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  • #39
Nuclear Doomsday Near?

SelfAdjoint,

Current events, aging nuclear power reactors, terrorism, human error, mechanical
breakdown, the power of money, mankind's conceit....history repeats. A nuclear
doomsday comes closer. Dr, Roy said to me over twenty years ago...(the powers
that 'decide' will allow debate...but it will not matter or change the course they
dictate). School is out....I posted the most significant new science in human history
on this forum, the Roy Process. Nobody cares...except to steal it or sabotage it as
has been tried.

Discussing this with Dr. Roy, he said "the good will die with the bad". Before he died
of cancer he encouraged me to keep trying with the Roy Process. And so what do I get
here....the argument that death from radiation is equal to other lethalities....and it
does not matter.

I feel sorry for your children. Explain it to them!

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Three Minutes to Midnight: NPRI Symposium on the Impending Threat of
Nuclear War

Date/Time: Sunday, January 25, 2004 9:00AM
Venue: Omni Shoreham Hotel, Washington, District of Columbia

Details at
http://www.nuclearpolicy.org/EventArticle.cfm?EventID=32&Menu=Events

Three Minutes to Midnight:
NPRI Symposium on the Impending Threat of Nuclear War

January 25-27, 2004; Washington DC
at the Omni Shoreham Hotel

The Cold War is Over.

The Nuclear Threat is Not.

Twelve years after the end of the Cold War, the U.S. and Russia each
maintain 2500 nuclear bombs on tenuous hair trigger alert. This
chilling reality and other critical nuclear issues will be examined
in-depth at the Nuclear Policy Research Institute's groundbreaking
symposium.

Join scientists, policy-makers, military and medical experts from around
the world for three days of analysis, insight and strategy.

Topics:

*
The risk of accidental nuclear exchange by United States and Russia,
*
The risk of terrorist intrusion into U.S. or Russian early
warning systems
*
Proliferation to Pakistan, India, Israel, Iran, North Korea and
other nations,
*
The “Second Manhattan Project” -- “Stockpile Stewardship Program”
*
Science, business and the military roles in the proliferation of
nuclear weapons.

( Go to original for details -
http://www.nuclearpolicy.org/EventArticle.cfm?EventID=32&Menu=Events )

--


Posted for educational and research purposes only,
~ in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107 ~

See also http://nucnews.net - NucNews Links and Archives
 
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  • #40
Nereid
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
3,367
2
Why is the 'nuclear threat' more worrisome than (say) habitat loss, or misuse of antibiotics (leading to bacterial infections that cannot be treated other than by isolation)? Quantative reasons please!

"I posted the most significant new science in human history on this forum, the Roy Process." In what sense is the Roy Process 'the most significant new science in human history'? What are your criteria for determining 'significance'?
 

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