# nuclear

1. ### I Can a fusion reaction propagate in a cappilary?

Can fusion reaction propagate inside a (very thick walled) cappilary if fusion has been initiated at one end? In this situation it seems like all the energy would have nowhere to go but into heating and pressurizing the fuel, providing conditions for further reaction. I imagine this is a...
2. ### Python Lennard Jones potential (analytic and numerical solutions)

Summary: I'm starting a project in my lab where I need to make a program using the Lennard-Jones potential equation in Python. There also needs to be an output graph with the program showing the function. I'm having problems finding workable codes (I keep running into errors) that I could use...
3. ### News Atomic Veterans talk after 50 Years (video)

This is one of the most powerful and incredible short movies I have ever seen. (I got the link to it from a friend today.) It contains clips of interviews of American soldiers who were exposed to real nuclear detonations. What they have to say is terrifying, intense and important. That's all I...
4. ### Could beta(-) emitters be used to build a compact light-space-drive?

One of the main issues to send orbiters to (light years) faraway locations is the propulsion problem. Conventional chemical fuels cannot provide enough energy by weight to produce that much thrust. Nuclear fission provides a lot of energy by weight, but usually radiation energy doe not produce...
5. ### 241Cm alpha decay to 237Pu

I understand that In general, the branching ratio for a particular decay mode is defined as the ratio of the number of atoms decaying by that decay mode to the number decaying in total. But I can’t get this specific branching ratio.
6. ### A Re-exciting organic scintillator

I've attached an image from the book "nuclear physics" by John Lilley. It says "in only one case is the restulting photon energy sufficient to cause re-excitation". My question is what is this one case? I recall my lecturer saying only decay to S01 is sufficient to cause re-excitation, but I...
7. ### Comp Sci Fortran77 Help Please

Hey guys, new here and was hoping for some help. Basically I have to use Fortran 77 to complete some questions for an assignment The first thing to do is, read a bunch of numbers in a list format and then use these numbers to be entered within an equation. The values I have are listed in a 1...
8. ### Chernobyl and steam explosions

Hello I must do a report on Chernobyl: before, during and after. I have all I need except for a clear and simple explanation of how steam explosions work in this regard. All the online sites I've been on provide information that is too advanced, and as a non native English speaker, the...
9. ### Alternative to MCNP for modeling alpha particles?

I am a masters student in the UK. For my project I have to monitor the efficiency of zinc sulphide detectors for monitoring alpha particles in liquid solutions. I need to model things like the proximity of the detector to the liquid, the size of the detector and the thickness of the light-tight...
10. ### B Magnetic field of protons

I do not understand the theory of moment of nuclei I read here: http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/nuclearmoment3.htm that the magnetic moment of Hydrogen is 2.79284734 magnetons = 2.79284734*9.274009994e-24 joules/tesla =2.59e-23 joules/tesla So if I make to rotate a proton using 150 keV...
11. ### Range of a Beta Particle

Homework Statement Q- a positron emerges normally from a 4-mm thick slab of plastic (density= 1.14g/cm^3) with an energy of 1.62 MeV. What is the energy of the particle when it entered the slab? Homework Equations Range when 0< T <= 2.5 MeV: R= .412+T^[1.27-.0954*ln(T)] where T is kinetic...
12. ### I Stopping power for a proton ion gun through a Boron-11 sheet 1mm thick

Hello, I need the stopping power for a proton ion gun through Boron-11 sheet 1mm thick. I have the following table obtained from here: https://www-nds.iaea.org/stopping/stopping_hydr.html Where the unit is in 1-15*eV*cm2/atom: Then I calculated for 600keV protons at table 5.1eV*cm2/atom. I...
13. ### Why isn't tungsten used in nuclear reactors?

Me again, with another potentially ignorant nuclear science question: Why isn't tungsten used to prevent meltdown in nuclear reactors? If tungsten has a higher melting point of tungsten is almost 6200 degrees Fahrenheit, and nuclear meltdown happens when the uranium fuel is some 5200 degrees...
14. ### Chernobyl Cesium 137 Half-Life vs. Chernobyl Contamination

Let me start out by saying that I have no idea what I'm talking about. I graduated from Indiana University with a Bachelor's in Spanish, and I work as a Loan Review Specialist at a bank, which has NOTHING to do with my degree, and still yet nothing to do with this topic. But lately, I've become...
15. ### Total Angular Momentum of an odd-parity shell-model state

Homework Statement A certain odd-parity shell-model state can hold up to a maximum of 4 nucleons. What are its values of J and L? What about an odd-parity shell-model state with a maximum of 6 nucleons? Homework Equations Parity = (-1)L J = L+S Total angular momentum, J, is equal to orbital...
16. ### I Difference between parallel and antiparallel spins?

What is the difference between parallel and antiparallel spins for a pair of nucleons? My understanding is that nucleons have a strong tendency to pair - proton with proton, neutron with neutron, proton with neutron. When they pair their spins either: cancel (spins pair antiparallel) pairing...
17. ### Is the following decay process possible?

Homework Statement An antimuon and electron may bind together via Coulomb attraction and then decay, but is the following process possible? (µ+e-) → νe + νµ_bar *The νµ_bar is the antiparticle of the muon neutrino - the antimuon neutrino More than one answer (below) may be correct. a)...
18. ### I Activity of daugther isotope in secular equilibrium

Consider chain of two radioactive decays $A \to B\to C$. The equation that regulates $N_B$ is $${\frac {\mathrm {d} N_{B}}{\mathrm {d} t}}=-\lambda _{B}N_{B}+\lambda _{A}N_{A}$$ I can't understand why the activity of $B$ is get as $\lambda_B N_B$, for example at page 20 here...
19. ### I Total or kinetic energy in Bethe Bloch stopping power?

The average loss of energy in a material per unit lenght of a particle (in particular an electron, which is stable) is described by the quantity $dE/dx$. - for ionization it is given by the Bethe-Bloch formula -\left\langle {\frac {dE}{dx}}\right\rangle ={\frac {4\pi }{m_{e}c^{2}}}\cdot...
20. ### I Phenomenological potentials and exchange of force carriers

Consider a proton-neutron system. Phenomenlogical nucleon-nucleon potentials contain exchange forces terms (Majorana, Bartlett and Heisenberg terms), which are linked to the symmetry of the state w.r.t. (for example) the exchange of isospin (i.e. charge). On the other hand proton and neutron...
21. ### I Strong force as exchange of mesons, or of quark and antiquark

The (residual) strong force between nucleons can be desribed as - The exchange of a meson (from a nucleon to the other), as in picture b) - The exchange of a quark and an antiquark: in picture a) one nucleon "gives" a quark and receive an antiquark and it's the opposite for the other I do...
22. ### I Distance between two nucleons

The potential energy associated to the interaction between nucleons has its minimum (point of equilibrium) at $r\sim 0.7 fm$, as showed in the following graph: Nevertheless, there are two facts that are, apparently, in contrast with this: - The average distance between nucleons is...
23. ### I De Broglie relation using four momentum in particle physics

In particle phyisics four-momentum is used and De Broglie relation is used to understand what lenghts can be "seen" in an experiment. Here (page 6) https://people.phys.ethz.ch/~pheno/PPP/PPP2.pdf it is claimed Where $Q^2$ is not actually "momentum" but its the square of the four momentum...
24. ### Higgs Experiment for new particle (decay widths)

< Mentor Note -- thread moved to HH from the technical physics forums, so no HH Template is shown > Question: An experiment is proposed to directly measure the width (Γ) and mass (m_H) of the Higgs boson via the reaction: muon+ + muon- > H. Sketch a graph of the expected cross section as a...
25. ### Nuclear Probability Question

Homework Statement The frequency of a tsunami large enough to threaten the safety of a nuclear power plant has been estimated to be 1 in 200 years. If the plant’s life is 65 years what is the probability it will be damaged by such a tsunami? What is this probability more commonly termed? [2...
26. ### Nuclear Physics by Prof. H. C. Verma (NPTEL):- Lecture 1: Brief Overview of the course

Copyright reserved to Prof. Verma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.ac.in
27. ### Nuclear Physics by Prof. H. C. Verma (NPTEL):- Lecture 2: Nuclear Size (Part 1)

Copyright reserved to Prof. Verma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.ac.in
28. ### Nuclear Physics by Prof. H. C. Verma (NPTEL):- Lecture 3: Nuclear Size (Part 2)

Copyright reserved to Prof. Verma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.ac.in
29. ### Nuclear Physics by Prof. H. C. Verma (NPTEL):- Lecture 4: Nuclear Size (Part 3)

Copyright reserved to Prof. Verma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.ac.in
30. ### Nuclear Physics by Prof. H. C. Verma (NPTEL):- Lecture 5: Semi empirical Mass Formula (Part 1)

Copyright reserved to Prof. Verma and NPTEL, Govt. of India. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.ac.in