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Homework Help: Which solution is correct (Tension)

  1. Apr 20, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A section of a cable car system, showing three cars. They are being pulled by drag cables at 35 degrees above the horizontal. Each car weighs 2800 kg. The are all being accelerated at the same rate of 0.81 m/s/s. The problem asks for the difference between the tensions in the two cables that connect to the middle car.

    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Solution 1:

    I started by writing the force equations in X and Y:

    Fy = ma sin 35 = T sin 35 - mg
    Fx = ma cos 35 = T2 cos 35 - T1 cos 35

    Obviously, I don't need the Fy equation at all, since the cos 35 drops out and I have:

    ma = T2- T1

    Then I thought to try solving it by having the X axis along the 35 degree line of the cables. This gives me:

    Fx = ma = T1 - mg sin 35 - T2

    with T1 - T2 = m(a + g sin 35)

    They both give very different results, and both seem reasonable to me. I have no idea which one is correct or why. If someone could help me out, I would appreciate it.

    Last edited: Apr 20, 2008
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 20, 2008 #2


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    Homework Helper

    Hi SheldonG,

    This one is correct:

    The reason the first one is not correct is that there is a normal force on the cable car, perpendicular to the cable. With your axes chosen as they were in method 1, the components of this force would need to be included. But for method 2, the normal force had not component along the cable, so it was not needed.
  4. Apr 20, 2008 #3
    Many thanks!
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