Will a feather fly inside a free-falling elevator ?

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In summary: The scale is being squeezed due to the gravitational attraction between the feather and the elevator.
  • #1
Basimalasi
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My friend and I had this question and after physics-fighting each other we came to a conclusion that the feather inside the elevator would not fly and it will stay in contact with the floor because they both have the same acceleration downwards and if we imagine that the feather was on a scale and initially has a mass of let's say 1 gram, it would point to zero when it's free-falling with the elevator .because the scale, elevator, and that feather are all free falling under the acceleration of the Earth and that mass has no effect whatsoever on the acceleration... BUT!

Would the results change if we take into consideration Newton's law of universal gravitation

200px-NewtonsLawOfUniversalGravitation.svg.png


Imagine that the elevator is heading towards the Earth but has a very large mass and it's free-falling (no other acceleration or any other forces, other than gravity that is) wouldn't it's large mass cause it to have larger gravitational force and thus have more acceleration than a feather inside it?
 
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  • #2
Basimalasi said:
Imagine that the elevator is heading towards the Earth but has a very large mass and it's free-falling (no other acceleration or any other forces, other than gravity that is) wouldn't it's large mass cause it to have larger gravitational force and thus have more acceleration than a feather inside it?

No. There's a FAQ on this: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=511172

(the problem is a bit more complicated if you assume that the mass of the elevator is large enough that the gravitational force also moves the Earth noticeably, but I don't think that's what we're considering here)
 
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  • #3
(the problem is a bit more complicated if you assume that the mass of the elevator is large enough that the gravitational force also moves the Earth noticeably, but I don't think that's what we're considering here)[/QUOTE]

It's ridiculously theoretical I know ... but what would the mass of the elevator be, in order to make an acceleration difference between itself and the feather to eventually make the feather lose contact with the floor ..even a lil bit..and you could assume that the elevator has a mass of a moon
 
  • #4
Even if the elevator is large enough to attract the Earth significantly, the effect does not matter. The resulting motion of the Earth is irrelevant. It moves just as rapidly toward the feather as toward the elevator and does not affect their separation.

If you are trying to account for second order effects then you might consider that the air at the bottom of the elevator (before it starts falling) is compressed relative to the air at the top. When the elevator starts falling, the pressure gradient disappears and the expanding air at the bottom carries the effectively weightless feather very slightly aloft.

Or you might consider the tidal force that tends to pull the feather at the bottom of the elevator more strongly downward than the average force on the elevator. This assumes that the center of mass of the elevator is somewhere above floor level and that third order effects do not intrude.
 
  • #5
Basimalasi said:
but what would the mass of the elevator be, in order to make an acceleration difference between itself and the feather to eventually make the feather lose contact with the floor ..even a lil bit..and you could assume that the elevator has a mass of a moon

They'll still fall together, as long as you can keep them all neatly lined up: no sideways velocity and you can draw a straight line through the center of mass of all three objects.
 
  • #6
alrighty then :/
 
  • #7
Yeah, drag aside, all objects fall at the same rate no matter what their mass is.

  • Let's consider a feather of mass m.
  • Let's consider a mass-less scale.
  • Let's consider an elevator that is not a hollow cube, but consists of just the floor (as massive as the moon, if you will).

If you place the feather on top of the scale right on the ground, the scale is being squeezed between the feather and the ground, the weight reported is due to gravitational attraction between feather and earth.

If you place the feather on top of the scale on top of the elevator at the top floor, for as long as nobody is moving, the weight reported is due to gravitational attraction between feather and elevator/earth combination.

If now all three feather, scale and elevator are free falling on Earth's gravitational field, we can ignore the Earth and the scale is being squeezed only due to the gravitational attraction between feather and elevator.
 
  • #8
Basimalasi said:
Imagine that the elevator is heading towards the Earth but has a very large mass and it's free-falling ... wouldn't it's large mass cause it to have larger gravitational force and thus have more acceleration than a feather inside it?

Remember Newton's second law, which boils down to the equation F =ma. Plug this into the left hand side of your equation, see that for both feather & lift m cancels out. See that the acceleration of both is exactly the same.
 

Related to Will a feather fly inside a free-falling elevator ?

Q1: What factors affect the flight of a feather in a free-falling elevator?

The flight of a feather in a free-falling elevator is affected by the air resistance, gravity, and the shape and weight of the feather.

Q2: Will a feather float or fall in a free-falling elevator?

A feather will appear to float in a free-falling elevator because it is falling at the same rate as the elevator, creating a sense of weightlessness.

Q3: Can a feather fly upwards in a free-falling elevator?

No, a feather cannot fly upwards in a free-falling elevator as it is still subject to the downward force of gravity.

Q4: What happens to the feather when the elevator reaches the bottom?

The feather will land on the bottom of the elevator with the same velocity as the elevator, as it is still affected by the force of gravity.

Q5: How does the feather's flight in a free-falling elevator compare to its flight in a non-falling elevator?

In a non-falling elevator, the feather will fall at a slower rate due to the presence of air resistance. In a free-falling elevator, the feather will appear to float due to the absence of air resistance.

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