1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data How much work is required to bring a 3 C point charge from infinity to a point X. The change in electric potential from infinity to point X is -6 V. 2. Relevant equations -QV=W 3. The attempt at a solution The answer is -18 J. MY confusion is whether this is the work done by the electric field or an external force? My guess is it is the work done by an external force, however my book says different? Or maybe i'm misinterpreting the question can you confirm that it's an external force?