# What is Work done: Definition and 1000 Discussions

In physics, work is the energy transferred to or from an object via the application of force along a displacement. In its simplest form, it is often represented as the product of force and displacement. A force is said to do positive work if (when applied) it has a component in the direction of the displacement of the point of application. A force does negative work if it has a component opposite to the direction of the displacement at the point of application of the force.
For example, when a ball is held above the ground and then dropped, the work done by the gravitational force on the ball as it falls is equal to the weight of the ball (a force) multiplied by the distance to the ground (a displacement). When the force F is constant and the angle between the force and the displacement s is θ, then the work done is given by:

W
=
F
s
cos

θ

{\displaystyle W=Fs\cos {\theta }}
Work is a scalar quantity, so it has only magnitude and no direction. Work transfers energy from one place to another, or one form to another. The SI unit of work is the joule (J), the same unit as for energy.

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1. ### Forces involved in principle of virtual work

The answer is as such: There’s only one way for the system to move: the rectangle can deform into a parallelogramso that the left horizontal arm moves up, and the right horizontal arm moves down by thesame amount. Then the total virtual work done on the scale by the weights is zero, so thesystem...
2. ### Work done by power supply to maintain a constant current

Since we want the current to stay constant, the change in potential energy that's caused by the coil flipping in the magnetic field should be "undone" by the work done by the power supply, so shouldn't ##W = -\Delta U## ? the answer guide did it without the negative sign, so I'm wondering if the...
3. ### Work done on crate moving on incline

For part a and b, I can't see a clear path to finding the answers. In order to find the x component of the applied force I need to know the friction. In order to find the friction I need to find the y component of the applied force, but I can't think of a way to find either. I thought of...
4. ### Irreversible isothermal Process Work External pressure not provided

It is clear that the process is isothermal else it is not possible to find heat absorbed. $$W=-P_{ext}(\Delta V)$$ However ##P_{ext}## is not given. How do I proceed? I tried taking ##W=-(P_2V_2-P_1V_1+P_3V_3-P_2V_2)=\Delta(PV)## but it is wrong for obvious reasons.
5. ### B Exact differential and work done

I was researching about conservative and non-conservative forces, and there is some information in a website that sates that the work done is independent of path if the infinitesimal work 𝐹⃗ ⋅𝑑𝑟⃗ is an exact differential. It further states that in 2 dimensions the condition for 𝐹⃗ ⋅𝑑𝑟⃗ = Fxdx...
6. ### Why is the work done double its expected value? (conveyer belt)

The question was this: My calculations show that the answer should be equal to work done on crate to make it reach the same velocity which is equal to 216 J but the answer given is 432 J It is believed that extra energy is needed to overcome friction but friction is an internal force and...