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Work/energy - spring and inclined plane

  1. Oct 30, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    An inclined plane of angle 20.0° has a spring force constant k = 500 N/m fastened securely at the bottom so that the spring is parallel to the surface (as shown in the attached photo). A block of mass m = 2.50kg is placed on the plane at a distance d = 0.300m from the spring. From this position, the block is projected towards the spring with speed v = 0.750m/s. By what distance is the spring compressed when the block momentarily comes to rest?

    2. Relevant equations

    K = 1/2 m * v2

    Eelastic = Es = 1/2 k * x2

    Eg = mgh

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I get a bit confused when handling all the different Energy/Work equations...
    But here's what I did:
    (my variable "x" is the distance that the spring displaces, and I tried to set my coordinate system so that the x-axis would be where the spring is at its compressed position but I'm not sure if I did it properly...)

    Ugi + Usi + Ki = Ugf + Usf + Kf
    (2.50)(9.80)(0.300 + x)sin20 + 0 + 1/2*2.50*0.7502 = 0 + 1/2 * 500 * x2 + 0

    However when I solve for x, I get the wrong value.

    I think I may have set up my equations for gravitational potential energy incorrectly ... Or maybe I set the whole thing up wrong heh.

    Attached Files:

    • p63.png
      File size:
      4.9 KB
    Last edited: Oct 30, 2011
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 30, 2011 #2


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    Looks perfect to me! ....maybe your math is off...recheck your numbers...
  4. Oct 30, 2011 #3
    Bah, you're right, I had calculation errors -_-

    But yay, that means I got it! Thanks for checking :)
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