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Binominal series 
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#1
Dec1412, 02:05 PM

P: 618

Hello. I'm revising the material in preparation for the exam, and I found something I fail at understanding.
When defining binomial series, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binomial_series, why is the sum of the binomial "(m k)" going from 1 to ∞? Shouldn't it instead be going from 1 to m (the function can only be differentiated m times)? Afterall, binomial series are a form of taylor series, and a taylor series of a function can't have infinite terms when the function can only be differentiated a finite amount of times. 


#2
Dec1412, 02:25 PM

P: 181

Which function can only be differentiated m times? The binomial series is the Taylor series at x=0 of (1+x)^{α} for some complex number α. And (1+x)^{α} can be differentiated infinitely often, unless α is a nonnegative integer.



#3
Dec1412, 02:26 PM

P: 907

Just because all but finitely many terms are zero does not mean that you cannot consider a series as having infinitely many terms. The function f(x) = (1+x)^m can be differentiated more than m times. It's just that all of the derivitives are eventually zero.
It looks to me like a choice to make the summation look more like the generic form of the Taylor series (which it is, after all) rather than an equally accurate truncation thereof. 


#4
Dec1412, 04:03 PM

P: 618

Binominal series
Michael: oops, sorry. My book used the notation of m instead of a, and I have little knowledge of complex numbers (I'm only doing my 1st semester).
jbriggs: yeh, so it's just a formal thing? Allright, that's good enough 4 me :) 


#5
Dec1412, 06:19 PM

P: 327

The binomial series for [itex](1+x)^\alpha[/itex] has infinitely many terms except when [itex]\alpha[/itex] is a nonnegative integer (even when [itex]\alpha[/itex] is real).



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