Largest lattice energy


by fk378
Tags: energy, largest, lattice
fk378
fk378 is offline
#1
Nov15-07, 07:19 PM
P: 368
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Which one of the following ionic compounds has the largest lattice energy?

NaCl
CaO
Li2O
CaCl2



2. Relevant equations
Ionic/Atomic size
The smaller the ionic size, the larger the lattice energy.
Size increases from right to left, increases top to bottom of periodic table

3. The attempt at a solution
I've tried to compare the like ionic compounds, such as NaCl with CaCl2 but I can't seem to figure out which is bigger--Na+ or Ca2+

Am I approaching this incorrectly?
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ace123
ace123 is offline
#2
Nov15-07, 07:53 PM
P: 253
Well if your losing electrons then the atomic size would what?
fk378
fk378 is offline
#3
Nov15-07, 08:51 PM
P: 368
Loss of electrons means smaller atomic radius. But Na and Ca don't have the same number of protons so isn't there another way to have to look at it?

ace123
ace123 is offline
#4
Nov16-07, 03:40 PM
P: 253

Largest lattice energy


Well the loss of electrons makes the radius smaller. You know Na is one of the bigger elements size wise right? And the size decreases as you go across the periodic table. The protons don't attract the valence electrons as much as the core electrons b/c of shielding. Do you get it now?
Kushal
Kushal is offline
#5
Nov17-07, 07:36 AM
P: 440
are you considering charges?

L.E. is directly proportional to product of charges on ions but inversely proportional to sum of ionic radii.

hope it helps


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