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Linear Transformation: B-matrix [T]B

by PirateFan308
Tags: b-matrix, linear algebra, transformations
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PirateFan308
#1
Dec6-11, 06:01 PM
P: 94
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Let V be polynomials, with real coefficients, of degree at most 2. Suppose that [itex]T:V→V[/itex] is differentiation. Find the [itex]B[/itex]-matrix [T]B if B is the basis of V
B = {1+x, x+x2, x}


2. Relevant equations
For [itex]T:V→V[/itex] the domain and range are the same

[T]B is the matrix whose i-th column is [itex][T(vi)]_B[/itex]

[itex][T(v)]_C = A[v]_B[/itex] where [itex]A=[T]_B[/itex]


3. The attempt at a solution
So because the degree can be at most 2, the polynomials will be of the form a+bx+cx2. This can be denoted using a(1+x)+c(x+x2)+(b-a-c)(x). It will turn into a+bx (because we take the derivative, we take powers to a max of 1) and we would say a(1+x)+0(x+x2+b(x). After this, I'm not sure how to find the B-matrix, as I'm a bit confused as to what it is exactly.
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spamiam
#2
Dec6-11, 09:44 PM
P: 366
Quote Quote by PirateFan308 View Post
Find the [itex]B[/itex]-matrix [T]B if B is the basis of V
B = {1+x, x+x2, x}

[T]B is the matrix whose i-th column is [itex][T(vi)]_B[/itex]
Well, you wrote down the formula. Here [itex] v_i [/itex] is a basis vector. So take T of each of your basis vectors, and then express [itex] T(v_i) [/itex] as a linear combination of the basis vectors.
HallsofIvy
#3
Dec7-11, 06:01 AM
Math
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Thanks
PF Gold
P: 39,344
What is T(1+ x)? What is T(x+ x^2)? What is T(x)?
Write each of those as a linear combination of 1+ x, x+ x^2, and x and the coefficients are the columns of your matrix.


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