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Roots of unity 
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#1
Feb414, 05:43 AM

P: 9

I don't understand why roots of unity are evenly distributed? Every time when we calculate roots of unity, we get one result and then plus the difference in degree, but I think this follows the rule of even distribution and I don't understand that, it is easy to be trapped in a reasoning cycle.
how to prove it using mathematics? Thank you 


#2
Feb414, 06:01 AM

HW Helper
P: 3,531

If that is the case then what you're noticing are complex conjugates, and it's very important to remember that every real polynomial that has a complex root will also have a complex conjugate root. But if you're actually looking for a reason why the roots of unity are all evenly spaced around the unit circle in the complex plane, then read up about De Moivre's theorem and notice that if [tex]z^n=1[/tex] where [tex]1=e^{2\pi k i}[/tex] with k being any integer, or if you're working with the trigonometric form, [tex]1=\cos({2\pi k})+i\sin({2\pi k})[/tex] and now just take the n^{th} root of both sides. It then shouldn't be hard to notice how they're evenly spaced. 


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