What is Elastic scattering: Definition and 26 Discussions
Elastic scattering is a form of particle scattering in scattering theory, nuclear physics and particle physics. In this process, the kinetic energy of a particle is conserved in the center-of-mass frame, but its direction of propagation is modified (by interaction with other particles and/or potentials). Furthermore, while the particle's kinetic energy in the center-of-mass frame is constant, its energy in the lab frame is not. Generally, elastic scattering describes a process in which the total kinetic energy of the system is conserved. During elastic scattering of high-energy subatomic particles, linear energy transfer (LET) takes place until the incident particle's energy and speed has been reduced to the same as its surroundings, at which point the particle is "stopped".
We know from molecular spectroscopy that incoming light on a molecule can change a molecule's rotational, vibrational and electronic energy levels.
If the incoming light is,
on the far-infrared and microwave region the molecule gets rotational energy.(microwave spectra)
on the near-infrared...
In electron microscopy of thin solid specimens elastic scattering is treated as the main process responsible for formation of (phase contrast) images and diffraction patterns.
However, if an electron changes direction it should lose energy by producing a breaking radiation photon.
How can it be...
I was able to solve for the velocity of MB and got my answer as 4.47m/s.
The main issue right now for me is how to get the angles. I'm really confused on what most people have been posting as we didn't get a groundwork on this topic and so most of the basics I had them self taught.
So far I...
Hello,
I am wondering why in all X-ray diffraction experiments used to probe or know the crystal structure of the solid they assume that the scattering process is elastic, e.g, if an X-ray with wave vector ##k\vec{n}## is incident on a sample, it will diffract with a wave vector ##k\vec{n}'## of...
Hi,
Which force does govern the neutron elastic scattering and capture reactions? It seems to me it is the strong nuclear force, but I am not sure about that.Thanks.
I was reading *Introduction to Nuclear Physics* by Krane and stumbled on the following (page 47):
In Elastic scattering, the initial electron wave function is of the form ##e^{i k_i r}## (free particle of momentum ##p_i = \hbar k_i##). The scattered electron can also be regarded as a free...
As far as I know, the total cross-sections of the following hadron interactions are well described
by a single Reggeon trajectory and a single Pomeron (soft Pomeron) trajectory.
##K^-p: (11.93s^{0.0808}+25.33s^{-0.4525})mb##
##K^+p:(11.93s^{0.0808}+7.58s^{-0.4525})mb##
##\bar...
Is A_pp(s,t)=A_pBARp(t,s) true based on crossing symmetry?
Consider pp and pBARp elastic colissions (p + p -> p + p and p + BAR(p) -> p + BAR(p)). The scattering amplitudes are related by crossing in the following way:
1) A_pp(s,t)=A_pBARp(u,t) \simeq A_pBARp(-s-t,t) (energy large compared to...
Homework Statement
An electron collides with a particle with mass M at rest and scatters elastically through an angle θ (assume electron mass negligible).
Show that the fraction of energy lost by the e- is:
(Ee - Ee')/Ee = 1/[1+ Mc2/Ee(1-cosθ)]
Homework Equations
Conservation of Energy: Ee +...
Hello
It seems to me that the nuclei have a flat elastic scattering cross section of neutrons, for neutron energies from eV to MeV.
http://www.nuclear-power.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Elastic-Scattering-Cross-section-light-elements-min.png
I thought that maybe it was caused because the...
Homework Statement
A beam of neutrons hit a target of heavy nuclei with spin ##J_N = 0## with resonance when the energy of the incident beam is 250eV, in the cross section distribution with a maximum of 1300 barns. The width of the maximum is 20 eV. Find the partial width of resonance for the...
Hello,
My problem is as follows
I've tried differentiating to find the maximum and I've tried plotting E against m_{\chi} for a range of values and this did not suggest a maximum at m_N = m_{\chi}. Could someone explain why it is the case that the energy transfer is maximum when these masses...
I have to write some training on the following and I really have no idea. Is this correct? Any help is greatly appreciated;)
Inelastic scattering
In inelastic scattering, a neutron collides with and is temporarily absorbed by the nucleus of the target particle. This excites the nucleus...
Consider a photon which is scattered by a crystal elastically. In an elastic scattering we have
|k_i|=|k_f| and k_f - k_i = G
where
G
is a reciprocal vector. But according to momentum conservation, the crystal must obtain a momentum
\hbar G
and hence the kinetic energy, so according...
Hi All,
Following on from the last dumb question I asked...
Suppose you calculate the tree-level approximation to the elastic scattering of two charged fermions
to find that the result varies as ##\sim 1/t##, where t is the Mandelstam variable describing the squared momentum transfer in...
I understand that in elastic scattering, the incident particle leaves the interaction with the same magnitude of momentum it had initially. But, can there also be a target particle recoil in this case? If the kinetic energy of the incident particle is conserved, how does the target particle...
Hi. I am new to the forum, If I am missing something, please kindly remind me.
Homework Statement
Given/Known:
- A photon with Energy Eγ, momentum pγ hit an atom with mass M.
- The photon is perfectly elastic scattered at angle \theta
Problem: Find recoil energy
Homework Equations...
Homework Statement
Take the case of elastic scattering (A+B -> A+B); if particle A carries energy EA', and scatters at an angle θ, in the CM (center of mass/momentum frame), what is its energy in the Breit* frame? Find the velocity of the Breit frame (magnitude and direction) relative to the...
I am new to nuclear engg., i want to know the phenomenon of elastic scattering of neutrons.
Resources available in the net suggest that in materials containing atoms of low atomic mass(hydrogen), neutrons of all energies can lose a significant fraction of their energy in a single elastic...
Homework Statement
Homework Equations
T=2*(m*M/(m+M)^2)*E(initial)*(1-cos(angle)), T is transferred energy from the neutron to the target.
displacement energy for Zr=40eV
The Attempt at a Solution
the question is strange for me it seems to me there is a trick since we don't...
Hi,
In electron, neutron or photon diffraction from an atom,what does it mean when we say the waves scatter elastically from the atoms? What is an elastic scattering?
Thanks,
Homework Statement
Verify the following equation
\frac{E^{1}}{E}=(\frac{A-1}{A+1})^{2}
Where A is the atomic mass of the target nucleus hit by an incoming neutron, E is the energy of the neutron before collision, and E^{1} is the energy of the neutron after collision.
Please note that the...
Perhaps this question is silly, but I don't entirely understand how elastic scattering of photons is even possible given that the directions of the incident/scattered photon differ. If there is a change in direction of the photons momentum, then there must be some momentum transferred to the...
hi,
How do we differentiate between quasi elastic scattering and non elastic scattering?
Was told that dynamic light scattering falls under the quasi elastic scattering... but it seems to me that light undergoing such scattering have its frequency shifted... this seems to me to be that...
Hi guys:
Under a large glancing angle, when the impinging molecules with a certain kinetic energy impact on an armophors surface, a certain amount of molecules can be scattered away from surface instead of sticking on the surface. So, people suggest that the surface phonons play a role...
I originally posted this in the homework section until I realized the homework section only covers through undergraduate courses. The course I am currently in is a graduate level Medical Physics course. So if you don't mind, here is the thread I posted in the homework section.
I am...