What is Pump pressure: Definition and 16 Discussions

A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action, typically converted from electrical energy into hydraulic energy. Pumps can be classified into three major groups according to the method they use to move the fluid: direct lift, displacement, and gravity pumps.Pumps operate by some mechanism (typically reciprocating or rotary), and consume energy to perform mechanical work moving the fluid. Pumps operate via many energy sources, including manual operation, electricity, engines, or wind power, and come in many sizes, from microscopic for use in medical applications, to large industrial pumps.
Mechanical pumps serve in a wide range of applications such as pumping water from wells, aquarium filtering, pond filtering and aeration, in the car industry for water-cooling and fuel injection, in the energy industry for pumping oil and natural gas or for operating cooling towers and other components of heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. In the medical industry, pumps are used for biochemical processes in developing and manufacturing medicine, and as artificial replacements for body parts, in particular the artificial heart and penile prosthesis.
When a casing contains only one revolving impeller, it is called a single-stage pump. When a casing contains two or more revolving impellers, it is called a double- or multi-stage pump.
In biology, many different types of chemical and biomechanical pumps have evolved; biomimicry is sometimes used in developing new types of mechanical pumps.

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  1. LEO31

    System curve and centrifugal pump suitability

    I’m trying to calculate the system curve of an already existing plant, the complexity lies in having 2 different lines, each with its respective pump 1- A substance contained in a closed tank with a liquid level of 40 ft connected to pump 1. 2- a closed tank of pure water connected to pump 2...
  2. C

    Determine pump spec necessary to overcome leak

    A vacuum pump is mounted at ground level. The pump is connected to a tree of overhead pipework at a height of 20ft, connected to the pipework are 12 hose reels that can be attached to oil drain tanks. The client requests that the pump be sized so that sufficient vacuum can be achieved to suck...
  3. P

    Pressure required for water discharge

    Hello everyone, I am very interested in knowing the relation to determine the pressure required to push the water upstream. In the attached picture, water is filled inside a tank of volume V and air is constantly flowing inside the tank through an inlet with constant flow rate M. Water should...
  4. R

    Friction of Water Pumped Into 6in Tube from Chamber

    This is a deep well & the dimensions of the bottom chamber is 5x1x5ft which holds 187 gallons. The pump is located in this chamber with a piston/plunger only going up to the top of this chamber at 5ft. The pump pushes 187 gallons into a 6inch diameter pipe which is 1000ft long = 1,470 gallons...
  5. Don Bori

    Water Tank Refilling via Hydraulic Water Pumping System

    Based on my understanding, Top Tank Refilling Advantage: Atmospheric Pressure Disadvantage: High Head (Requires more distance, thus more Work since W = f x d) Bottom Tank Refilling Advantage: Low Head Disadvantage: High Static Pressure (Requires more Force, thus more Work since W = f x d)...
  6. T

    Suction side and discharge side pump pressure

    Consider a closed system (central heating). Before the pump is started the static pressure is 2.0 bars. Say the system head loss is 0.6 bars. When the pump starts, will the suction side pressure and the discharge pressure each read half the total head loss (1.7 and 2.3 bars)? Or will the head...
  7. T

    Pump pressure and static height in central heating

    I was told recently that in a central heating system, the pressure on the suction side of the circulation pump should be at least equal to the static height of the system. I've never heard this stated before, and I don't intuitively get why this should be the case. If there is actually something...
  8. F

    Centrifugal Pump: Water Pressure at 50m & 4 Bar Gauge

    I have a centrifugal pump 50 m above a vessel, I’m pumping water in at 4 bar gauge into this vessel. I then close a valve to cease pumping ensuring no air enters the system.My question is, if I now open that same valve to atmospheric air this time, will the water exit from the pipe through the...
  9. D

    Centrifugal pump restricted output

    I am also constructing a small boat as a test bed for a much larger houseboat. If we forget about practicality issues... and accepting that my BS econ degree from the 60's isn't helping me much, I have a simple question with a difficult answer I guess. 2 stage centrifugal pump. (Standard...
  10. R

    Pump Pressure and Flow: Understanding Rated Pressure and Flow

    hi guys, what is meant by rated pressure and flow of a pump... Is that maximum pressure or flow..but then i have seen 150% of rated flow?? How is that possible ?? please clarify my doubts...
  11. W

    Pump pressure and pipe diameter

    I am a little confused about the pressure and hose diameter relationship. Let's say I have a pump pumping at a given pressure; I connect a hose of a certain diameter and attach a pressure gauge to the other end of the hose and get a pressure reading. Now let's say if i conduct the same...
  12. D

    Equations for calculating required pump pressure given flowrate, xsa, length

    is there any equations that can be used for calculating required pump pressure for a horizontal running water pipe given the pipe length, cross-sectional area, required flowrate and frictional loss co-efficient?? is this possible or is more information required?
  13. D

    Calculating required pump pressure to maintain flowrate in a uniform horizontal pipe

    Homework Statement I am having trouble with calculating the required pump pressure in a horizontal water pipe, 3Km long. i know that the flowrate is 600Kg/s, average velocity 5.6m/s, cross-sectional area of pipe is 0.107143m^2 and losses due to friction average 0.002 per meter Homework...
  14. Z

    How do I calculate the necessary pump pressure for a 11.5 m fountain?

    A fountain designed to spray a column of water 11.5 m into the air has a 1.34-cm-diameter nozzle at ground level. The water pump is 2.75 m below the ground. The pipe to the nozzle has a diameter of 2.68 cm. Find the pump pressure necessary if the fountain is to operate as designed. (Assume...