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Pump pressure and pipe diameter

  1. Dec 29, 2012 #1
    I am a little confused about the pressure and hose diameter relationship. Lets say I have a pump pumping at a given pressure; I connect a hose of a certain diameter and attach a pressure gauge to the other end of the hose and get a pressure reading. Now lets say if i conduct the same experiment with a smaller diameter hose and measure the pressure. Assuming the hose length is the same and hoses are made of same material. How would the pressure reading, velocity and flow rate vary.
    Thanks
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 29, 2012 #2

    russ_watters

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Welcome to PF.

    This is an interesting and complicated question, but starts off with an assumption that isn't necessarily true:
    Pumps don't have a single pressure, they have curves:

    12x3-636.gif

    The pressure depends on the pump but also how much restriction there is in the piping. The piping restriction is represented by a parabolic curve called the "system curve". So:
    See this pump curve with two system curves on it:

    http://www.webbpump.com/_build/images/pump/technical-support/sect_a9_01.gif

    The dark system curve represents your first scenario. The dashed curve represents your second scenario. Where the system curve meets the pump curve is what determines the flow and pressure at the pump.

    Note that the shape of the pump curve and system curves can produce different results for different systems. You might have a system where you are on the high, flat part of the pump curve, so changing the system curve (by changing the pipe) may have no impact on the pressure but a big impact on flow. Or it could be the other way around.

    Fuller treatment here: http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/pump-system-curves-d_635.html
     
  4. Dec 29, 2012 #3
    Just one comment - if the other end of the hose exits to atmosphere, and that is where your pressure guage is attached, then you should read nearly the same pressure irregardless of size of hose. The pressure head at exit is always Patm.
    Put your guage closer to the pump end.
     
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