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2pi rotation of angular momentum eigenket

  1. Mar 28, 2015 #1

    blue_leaf77

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    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Prove that ## e^{2\pi i \mathbf{n\cdot J}/\hbar} |j,m\rangle = (-1)^{2j}|j,m\rangle ##. This equation is from Ballentine's QM book. The term in front of the ket state in the LHS is a rotation operator through ##2\pi## angle about an arbitrary direction ##\mathbf{n}##.

    2. Relevant equations
    Above

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I can prove this for spin one half particle using the identity ## (\mathbf{ \sigma \cdot n})^2 = 1##, but not for an arbitrary j. Does he simply quote this from the result of E. P. Wigner's work, as also stated in the book?
     
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  3. Mar 28, 2015 #2

    TSny

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    In my edition of Ballentine (1st edition), he outlines the proof in the remaining part of the paragraph where the equation is given. I think I follow his argument. See if you can pinpoint where you have difficulty with his reasoning.
     
  4. Mar 28, 2015 #3

    blue_leaf77

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    On a second thought it makes sense if I visualize it as a vector in R3 rotated about arbitrary direction by ##2\pi##, it should go back to its original position. But it becomes a somewhat delicate issue for half-integer spin states. Maybe I should go through the entire section first and see if it proves also for half-integer spins.
     
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