# A trace between a dog and a rabbit

1. Oct 7, 2011

### athrun200

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
A dog is at a distance L due north of a rabbit. He starts to pursue the rabbit and its motion always points to the rabbit. Given that the rabbit keeps running due east with a constant speed v and the dog's speed is a constant u, where v<u. Find the time that the dog catches the rabbit according to the method stated below.

(a) Consider the rabbit as a moving origin of a polar coordinates. Let $\vec{r}$ be the postition vector of dog relative to rabbit. Write down the velocity vectors relative to the rabbit along $\vec{e_{r}}$ $\vec{e_{θ}}$ respectively.

(b) Show that r=$\frac{L (cot \frac{θ}{2})^\frac{u}{v}}{sinθ}$

(c) Use the result of (a) and (b) to find τ, the time for the dog to catch the rabbit.
[Hint: Consider the relation τ=$\int dt$ and dt= $\frac{dθ}{dθ'}$]

2. Relevant equations
u speed of the dog
v speed of the rabbit
θ angle measure from east to the position of the dog.
L original dist. between the 2 animals

3. The attempt at a solution
For part (a), we can simply do it by resolving components.
I get $\vec{v}$=<u+vcosθ, vsinθ>

But for part b and c, I have no idea.
We need to integrate $\vec{v}$ with repest to t in order to get $\vec{r}$, but in part a, $\vec{v}$ depends on θ only.

Alway, I don't know where can I use the hint.

2. Oct 8, 2011

### vela

Staff Emeritus
Use the fact that $$\vec{v} = \dot{r}\vec{e}_r + r\dot{\theta}\,\vec{e}_\theta$$and$$\frac{dr}{d\theta} = \frac{dr}{dt}\frac{dt}{d\theta}$$
Make sure you get the signs correct.

3. Oct 8, 2011

### athrun200

Are you talking about part b?
If yes, then what is $\frac{dt}{dθ}$

Is it $\frac{1}{\dot{θ}}$?
Then how to find $\dot{θ}$?

4. Oct 8, 2011

### athrun200

I finish part b now! :)
But I don't know how to integrate the monster in part c.

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5. Oct 8, 2011

### vela

Staff Emeritus
Isn't it supposed to be sin2 θ on the bottom?

I'd try the substitution u = cot(θ/2) first.

Last edited: Oct 8, 2011