Applying a force perpendicular to an object moving in the x direction.

In summary, when considering an object moving in the x direction, if a force is applied perpendicular to the x direction, the magnitude of the velocity in the x direction will not change, only the direction. However, the magnitude of the velocity in the y direction will change. If a force is constantly applied perpendicular to the motion of an object, the magnitude of the velocity will change in the direction of the applied force, but not in the direction of the object's motion.
  • #1
pb23me
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0

Homework Statement


consider an object moving in the x direction.(1) I f you were to apply a force perpendicular to the x direction, would the magnitude of the velocity of the object in the x direction change?(2) would the magnitude of the velocity in the y direction change.(3) if you were to constantly apply a force perpendicular to the motion of an object, would the magnitude of the velocity of the object change?(4) would the direction of the velocity change? this isn't really a homework question just some stuff I am trying to understand...


Homework Equations





The Attempt at a Solution

(1) i don't think it would,just the direction(2)yes i think so(3)idk(4)yes
 
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  • #2
Yes, you have the answers correct for 1, 2, and 4 (although it appears you are unsure). Regarding (3), think of this as a projectile motuion problem.
 
  • #3
on 3 it would change in the direction at which you apply force but not in the direction of the motion of the object?
 
  • #4
The direction of the applied force is given as always perpendicular to the object, so that does not change, but the applied force causes an acceleration in the vertical direction, and the acceleration requires a change in velocity in the vertical direction.
 
  • #5
, the direction of the velocity would change if a perpendicular force is applied to an object moving in the x direction. This is because the force would cause the object to change its direction of motion, thus changing the direction of its velocity. The magnitude of the velocity in the x direction may also change, depending on the strength of the applied force and the mass of the object. In general, applying a perpendicular force to an object in motion will result in changes to both the direction and magnitude of its velocity.
 

Related to Applying a force perpendicular to an object moving in the x direction.

1. What is the effect of applying a force perpendicular to an object moving in the x direction?

When a force is applied perpendicular to an object's motion in the x direction, it will cause the object to change its direction of motion and move in a curved path.

2. How does the magnitude of the perpendicular force affect the object's motion?

The greater the magnitude of the perpendicular force, the greater the change in the object's direction of motion will be. This means the object will deviate more from its original path.

3. Can a perpendicular force cause an object to stop or slow down?

Yes, a perpendicular force can cause an object to stop or slow down if it is strong enough to overcome the object's inertia and change its direction of motion towards a more perpendicular angle.

4. How does the angle of the perpendicular force affect the object's motion?

The angle of the perpendicular force will determine the direction of the object's curved path. A force applied perpendicular to the object's motion will cause it to move in a circular path, while a force applied at an angle will result in an elliptical path.

5. What other factors can affect the object's motion when a perpendicular force is applied?

The mass and velocity of the object, as well as any other forces acting on it, can also affect the object's motion when a perpendicular force is applied. These factors can determine the magnitude and direction of the object's overall acceleration.

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