Suppose we have a rod of length L oriented on the z-axis so that the bottom end is at z= - L/2 and the top end if at z = L/2. Furthermore, the rod is uniformly charged with charge density 'λ'. Now we are interested in finding the electric field at a point x away from the midpoint of the rod. If this distance is very far away so that x>>L. What is the electric field at x?
E = (λ/4πεx)*(L/√(x_squared + (L_squared/4))), in the x hat direction.
(Sorry for the mess, I'm new here and am not familiar with Latex or any other methods of typing mathematical equations).
The Attempt at a Solution
Now my intuition tells me that if x>>L, then x/L>>1 or L/x must equal about 0. I see an L/x term in my equation and if I apply the latter approximation my electric field becomes zero. If I am very, very far away from the charged rod, I shouldn't feel its effects. However, another solution I see is to factor out the x_squared from the denominator to get E = (λ/4πεx_squared)*(L/√(1 + (L_squared/4x_squared))) THEN apply the approximation to get rid of the L_squared/4x_squared term and arrive at a final answer of E = λL/4πεx_squared, in the x hat direction. What is wrong with my initial attempt?