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Battery Problem - With Loop Rule (pic attached)

  1. Mar 10, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    1. "lets set the internal resistance, [tex]r^_i[/tex], of the battery with emf [tex]E^_i[/tex] equal to [tex]bE^_i[/tex] where b is a constant assumed the same for all three batteries.


    2.To decrease internal resistance we can connect the batteries in parallel, although this advantage could be offest by a decrease in net voltage. To test this hypothesis find the current flowing through the 200 ohm resistor, assume 'b' is the same from part one.

    2. Relevant equations
    Kirchoffs's (sp) Loop Rule

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Ok - For part one i set up the loop rule equation as follows:
    [tex]E^_1[/tex]-I[tex]r^_1[/tex]+[tex]E^_2[/tex]-I[tex]r^_2[/tex]+[tex]E^_3[/tex]-I[tex] r^_3[/tex]-I(200ohms)=0

    After substituting in the EMFs and resistances i got the equation:

    From there i factored out the .137 and brought that to the other side and then factored out the 'b' and got:

    Im not sure i did that first part right, becuase for the second part when i figure out all the currents, I1, I2, I3, they all come out to the same thing becuase the equation, I=E/R, and R=bE, the EMFs just cancel giving me 1/b for each current, 1.7A=I1=I2=I3.

    Then using I=5.1A solving for the deltaV across the 200ohm resistor i get:
    DeltaV=(5.1A)(200ohms)=1020V (WAYYY too high)

    Im not sure where im going wrong here...i tried this and another way and i still get a deltaV higher than the combined voltages of the three batteries
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 10, 2007 #2


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    Gold Member

    I don't see how you get the first equation, or how you get from there to the second one.
  4. Mar 11, 2007 #3
    i used the loop rule and started at E1 and went clockwise to get the first equation.

    Then i just plugged in the values of the batteries and the resistors to solve it.

    I still cannont figure out what im doing wrong becuase the voltage im getting is way out of whack.
  5. Mar 11, 2007 #4


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    Gold Member

    The first equation looks wrong. What about the emf across the 200 Ohm resistor ?
  6. Mar 11, 2007 #5
    There wouldnt be an EMF in that part of the equation for that, would there?

    I thought the loop rule was, in the direction of the loop is you hit a battery - then + terminal, its positive that EMF, and when you go through a resistor if the loop and current are the same direction its -IR.

    The loop doesnt go through another battery right before the 200 ohm resistor
  7. Mar 11, 2007 #6
    the other way i tried the problem was like this:

    using the equation: E=IR
    I took the EMF of the first battery, 5v, and set the equation as follows:

    5V=(.137A)(r1) ==> where r1=bE1

    Using that value in the second part of the problem still gives me a voltage drop of 82V across that 200ohm resistor, which cant be correct.
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