Braking distance of a car(forces and friction)

  • Thread starter chaotiiic
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  • #1
chaotiiic
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Homework Statement


the driver of a 1500 kg car travelling at 12.5 m/s slams on the brakes, locking the wheels, and bringing the car to a stop. If the coefficient of friction is .735, what is the braking distance of the car?


Homework Equations


W = K_f - K_i
friction force

The Attempt at a Solution


K_f = (1/2)(1500)(12.5)^2 = 117187.5
K_i = 0
W = 117187.5

F_n = 14700
friction force = 14700 * .735 = 10804.5

distance = 117187.5/10804.5 = 10.84m
correct?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
ehild
Homework Helper
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Hi, chaotiiic,

The result is correct.

ehild
 
  • #3
chaotiiic
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Hi, chaotiiic,

The result is correct.

ehild
i cant find this in my book but why does normal force need to be multiplied with friction coefficient in order to get friction force? does friction force have a unit?

and why does Work need to be divided by friction force in order to get the distance? is there a name for this equation?
 
  • #4
ehild
Homework Helper
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1,915
The force of friction is proportional with the force that presses two surfaces together. This force is normal to the surface of touch, parallel with it and opposes any relative motion of the objects. It is a force, so the unit is newton (N) There is kinetic friction, when the surfaces slide on each other, and static friction which prevents any relative motion. The magnitude of kinetic friction is FKKN, the static friction is the force needed to prevent relative motion, and FS≤μSN.

Work is defined as the scalar product of the force vector F and displacement vector d. If the force and displacement are parallel, W=Fd. The work is positive when the force and displacement have the same direction, and negative when the force points in opposite direction as the motion.

You certainly find these in your textbook...


ehild
 

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