1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data A 12.0kg bucket is lowered vertically by a rope in which there is 163N of tension at a given instant. What is the acceleration of the bucket? Is it up or down? 2. Relevant equations Ft - mg = ma 3. The attempt at a solution I solved for 'a' and got a = 3.78 m/s^2, but how do I figure out which direction?