Calculate Free Energy for Formation

  1. Oct 14, 2007 #1
    I realize that this is a chem prob, but I'm stuck with what I thought was a straightforward problem while studying for my physical chemistry exam.

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    The standard molar enthalpy of combustion of solid phenol (C6H5OH) is -3054 kJ/mol at 298k and it's standard molar entropy is 144.0 J/(K*mol). Calculate the standard free energy of formation of phentol at 298k.

    2. Relevant equations

    G = H - TS

    3. The attempt at a solution

    G = (-3054.0 * 10^3 J/mol) - (298 K) (144.0 J/k/mol)


    From what I know about the determination of G, I simply plugged in those numbers but my solution was way off. The solution should be -50.42 kJ/mol but help with deriving it from first principle is what I'm after.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 26, 2008 #2
    energy of formation of C6H5OH

    you have to calculate the standard reaction entropy first and the reaction enthalpies.

    G = rxn enthalpies - (Temp x rxn entropy)

    The reaction entropy is: entropy of products - entropy of reactants
    the reaction enthalpy is: enthalpy of products - entropy of reactants
     
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