Calculating bend moment of a rotating cutting tool....?

• Ian C
In summary, the individual is seeking help in understanding the core concepts required to solve a problem involving calculating the bend moment from a rotating cutting tool as it cuts through material. They explain their thinking process and question the direction of the deflection and the impact of rake on the cutting tool. Other factors such as shear vs. curling and the relief and rake angles of the cutter teeth are also mentioned. The individual is open to clarifying points and discussing further.
Ian C
Hello - I've been trying to solve this for a little while, and feel I may not understand some core concepts required to solve the problem. If you have any ideas, please let me know! I would very much like to discuss how to solve this.

I am trying to calculate the bend moment from a rotating cutting tool as it moves through the material it is cutting. As the tool rotates, it moves into the material radially in the XY plane (as to say the cutting action is not plunging in Z).

The cutting tool is coupled/attached to the machine spindle. This coupling is rated for a specific force, or radial load applied to the cutting tool as it cuts before the coupling is compromised (in this case, let's say 500Nm).

My thinking is this (please see attached image):
As each 'tooth' of the cutting tool shears the material, a specific torque is required (lets call it T, and say T=100Nm). The tool is moving forward, into the material at a speed of 5m/min, turning at an RPM where the teeth of the tool continually take the same depths of cut requiring the same 100Nm of torque to shear/cut the material.
To me, this means that there is an opposite tangential force at the peripheral edge of each cutting edge.

This thinking sort of breaks down though as the force exerted tangentially on the circumference of the tool is changing direction as the cutting edge rotates, as well as the entire tool being fed into the material.

So that's the problem - I totally understand if its not clear, but I'm happy to clarify points and discuss.

Ian.

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The direction of the deflection may be important. It may matter if the tool deflects sideways but not if the deflection is along the cut.
There are a couple of principles you have not considered.

1. Depending on other factors, it is usually not the shear but the curling of the swarf that generates most of the torque.

2. You show the cutter teeth as having tip relief. That may need to be increased for faster feed rates.

3. The rake of the tooth face will either push or pull the tool radially into the material being cut. That is critical to reducing the direction of the bending moment on the tool. Negative rake makes stronger cutters under compression that push the material away. Positive rake has a more fragile cutting edge under tension that pulls the material towards the cutter. Tool steel can be used with significant positive rake while ceramic and carbide cutters are more durable with low or negative rake.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rake_angle

1. How do you calculate the bend moment of a rotating cutting tool?

The bend moment of a rotating cutting tool can be calculated by multiplying the force applied to the tool by the distance from the center of rotation to the point of application of the force. This will give you the bending moment in units of force-length, such as N-m or lb-in.

2. What factors affect the bend moment of a rotating cutting tool?

The bend moment of a rotating cutting tool is affected by several factors, including the force applied to the tool, the distance from the center of rotation to the point of application of the force, the shape and size of the cutting tool, and the material being cut.

3. How does the bend moment of a rotating cutting tool affect the tool's performance?

The bend moment of a rotating cutting tool can greatly affect its performance. If the bend moment is too high, it can cause the tool to bend or break, resulting in poor cutting quality and potential damage to the machine. Therefore, it is important to calculate and control the bend moment to ensure optimal cutting performance.

4. Are there any safety concerns when calculating the bend moment of a rotating cutting tool?

Yes, there are some safety concerns to consider when calculating the bend moment of a rotating cutting tool. The high forces and potential for tool breakage can be hazardous, so proper safety precautions, such as wearing protective gear and ensuring the tool is securely mounted, should be taken.

5. Can software or tools be used to calculate the bend moment of a rotating cutting tool?

Yes, there are various software and tools available that can assist in calculating the bend moment of a rotating cutting tool. These tools take into account various factors, such as cutting force, tool geometry, and material properties, to provide accurate bend moment calculations. However, it is still important to understand the principles behind the calculations and verify the results manually.

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