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Anchovy

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I'm trying to calculate the SU(5) model's prediction for the lower limit of a proton decay lifetime, for the channel [itex]p \rightarrow \pi^{0} e^{+}[/itex]. I'm following this paper:

arXiv:hep-ph/0504276v1

It contains the following equation:

As far as I can tell this actually contains a prediction based also on SO(10), but the paper states that setting [itex]k_{2} = 0[/itex] means that it reduces to just SU(5).

Anyway, I have the following inputs for this equation and having tried to calculate it in Excel, I end up way away from what I expect to find, which is a proton decaying in [itex]10^{29} - 10^{31}[/itex] years. Here's what I am using:

$$ k_{1} = \frac{g_{GUT}}{4M_{XY}}, \hspace{0.5 cm}

m_{p} = 938.3 \hspace{1 mm} MeV, \hspace{0.5 cm}

f_{\pi} = 130 \hspace{1 mm} MeV, \hspace{0.5 cm}

A_L = 1.43, \hspace{0.5 cm}

\alpha = 0.003 \hspace{1 mm} GeV^{3}, \hspace{0.5 cm}

D+F = 1.276, \hspace{0.5 cm}

g_{GUT} = 4\pi(\frac{1}{40}), \hspace{0.5 cm}

M_{XY} = 10^{14} \hspace{1 mm} GeV$$

The latter two I have taken from the left plot shown here where I've said [itex]\alpha = g / 4\pi[/itex]:

Anyway, when I compute this, what I find is a number of the order [itex]\Gamma \approx 10^{-64}[/itex]. I assume one then gets the proton lifetime [itex]\tau_{p}[/itex]. by taking [itex]\tau_{p} = 1 / \Gamma[/itex], but clearly I end up very far away from [itex]10^{29} - 10^{31}[/itex] years.

I have attached an Excel file where the calculation is broken up into a few steps and they all look fine to me. The final answer I get is shown in bold. Does anyone know what I'm doing wrong? I've tried messing with factors of 1/1000 to make MeV's into GeV's where possible, and also using a factor of (60 * 60 * 24 * 365) seconds per year, but that isn't enough to get me anywhere near the right order of magnitude.

I notice that this equation is different from the rough estimate (according to arXiv:hep-ph/0601023v3) for the proton decay rate:

[tex]

\Gamma_{p} \approx \alpha_{GUT}^{2}\frac{m_{p}^{5}}{M_{GUT}^{4}}

[/tex]

where [itex]\alpha_{GUT} = g_{GUT} / 4\pi[/itex] and [itex]M_{GUT} \equiv M_{XY} [/itex] from above if I'm not mistaken. That equation uses the proton mass to the 5th power whereas the long equation above only has [itex]m_p[/itex] to the first power. Overall I'm confused... help?!

Thanks.

arXiv:hep-ph/0504276v1

It contains the following equation:

As far as I can tell this actually contains a prediction based also on SO(10), but the paper states that setting [itex]k_{2} = 0[/itex] means that it reduces to just SU(5).

Anyway, I have the following inputs for this equation and having tried to calculate it in Excel, I end up way away from what I expect to find, which is a proton decaying in [itex]10^{29} - 10^{31}[/itex] years. Here's what I am using:

$$ k_{1} = \frac{g_{GUT}}{4M_{XY}}, \hspace{0.5 cm}

m_{p} = 938.3 \hspace{1 mm} MeV, \hspace{0.5 cm}

f_{\pi} = 130 \hspace{1 mm} MeV, \hspace{0.5 cm}

A_L = 1.43, \hspace{0.5 cm}

\alpha = 0.003 \hspace{1 mm} GeV^{3}, \hspace{0.5 cm}

D+F = 1.276, \hspace{0.5 cm}

g_{GUT} = 4\pi(\frac{1}{40}), \hspace{0.5 cm}

M_{XY} = 10^{14} \hspace{1 mm} GeV$$

The latter two I have taken from the left plot shown here where I've said [itex]\alpha = g / 4\pi[/itex]:

Anyway, when I compute this, what I find is a number of the order [itex]\Gamma \approx 10^{-64}[/itex]. I assume one then gets the proton lifetime [itex]\tau_{p}[/itex]. by taking [itex]\tau_{p} = 1 / \Gamma[/itex], but clearly I end up very far away from [itex]10^{29} - 10^{31}[/itex] years.

I have attached an Excel file where the calculation is broken up into a few steps and they all look fine to me. The final answer I get is shown in bold. Does anyone know what I'm doing wrong? I've tried messing with factors of 1/1000 to make MeV's into GeV's where possible, and also using a factor of (60 * 60 * 24 * 365) seconds per year, but that isn't enough to get me anywhere near the right order of magnitude.

I notice that this equation is different from the rough estimate (according to arXiv:hep-ph/0601023v3) for the proton decay rate:

[tex]

\Gamma_{p} \approx \alpha_{GUT}^{2}\frac{m_{p}^{5}}{M_{GUT}^{4}}

[/tex]

where [itex]\alpha_{GUT} = g_{GUT} / 4\pi[/itex] and [itex]M_{GUT} \equiv M_{XY} [/itex] from above if I'm not mistaken. That equation uses the proton mass to the 5th power whereas the long equation above only has [itex]m_p[/itex] to the first power. Overall I'm confused... help?!

Thanks.

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