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matt222
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Homework Statement
calculate how many valence electrons there are in a 1cm3 crystal of silicon?
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
the outer shell of si element has 4 electrons, i think this is my answer
The number of valence electrons in a Si 1cm3 crystal can be calculated by multiplying the number of Si atoms in the crystal by the number of valence electrons in one Si atom, which is 4.
The formula for determining the number of Si atoms in a 1cm3 crystal is Avogadro's number (6.02 x 10^23) divided by the molar mass of Si (28.09 g/mol) and multiplied by the density of Si (2.33 g/cm3).
The molar mass of Si can be found by adding the atomic masses of each element in the compound Si, which is 28.09 g/mol. This information can be found on the periodic table.
The density of Si is 2.33 g/cm3. This information can also be found on the periodic table.
Calculating the number of valence electrons in a Si 1cm3 crystal is important because it helps us understand the chemical and physical properties of the crystal. Valence electrons are responsible for bonding and determining the reactivity of an element, so knowing the number of valence electrons in a crystal can give us insight into its behavior and potential applications.