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How do i calculate volume occupied by 1 equivalent of gas?

Example: What would be the volume occupied by 1 eq. of CO

_{2}(Its given 11.2

*l*in my book)

Is there a formula for this?

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How do i calculate volume occupied by 1 equivalent of gas?

Example: What would be the volume occupied by 1 eq. of CO

Is there a formula for this?

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Obvious relation to the 11.2 L you mention.

Best you have a shot at telling us why that relation.

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1 mole of oxygen combines with 2 moles of hydrogen. So 1 mole of hydrogen combines with 1/2 moles of oxygen.

So 1/2 moles of oxygen becomes 1 equivalence of oxygen. (From definition of equivalence)

1/2 mole occupies 11.2 liters.

Hence volume of 1 eq. oxygen is 11.2

But carbon dioxide does not combine with hydrogen(nor oxygen). Then how can I find its eq. volume?

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It combines with other things doesn't it? It forms carbonates.

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but how do i use that to find its equivalent volume?

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On a second look, on the face of it 1 mole of CO

But equivalents are defined in terms of reactions so maybe, check your book, they are talking about reactions involving just bicarbonates? E.g theoretically e.g. 2 moles of NaHCO

So I guess equivalents depend on what reaction you're talking about, moles are just moles and a more straightforward concept.

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I can easily find it using the relation eq. of NaHCO

And eq. of CO

So weight of sodium bicarbonate is 56/11200 * 84 = 0.42g

Only the 11.2 part confuses me.

Also, its not really that easy to use the concept of moles because you have to balance the reaction to obtain a relation like "n moles of A combines with m moles of B..."

Balancing is not necessary if you use equivalents. You always have to follow a simple equation "milli.Eq of A=milli.Eq of B". This is what my teacher told me.

Secondly, concept of equivalence forms the basis of volumetric calculations and titrations (like iodometry). So it has to be taught.

Mentor

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You got it reversed. If you have balanced the reaction, equivalents follow the stoichiometry. And to get equivalents you need to balance the reaction first. Solving using moles and stoichiometry is the most universal approach.its not really that easy to use the concept of moles because you have to balance the reaction to obtain a relation like "n moles of A combines with m moles of B..."

Balancing is not necessary if you use equivalents.

Nope. Again, it is balanced reaction that forms the basis. Equivalents sometimes make the calculations easier, but sometimes they are the best tool to confuse students. Your problem with solving the question is a perfect example of such a case - I bet just following the stoichiometry you would solve the problem long ago.concept of equivalence forms the basis of volumetric calculations and titrations (like iodometry)

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I'm not sure. Its given in my textbook that for the reaction aA+bB→cC+dDYou got it reversed. If you have balanced the reaction, equivalents follow the stoichiometry. And to get equivalents you need to balance the reaction first. Solving using moles and stoichiometry is the most universal approach.

eq. of A = eq. of B = eq. of C = eq. of D

I don't see the stochiometric coefficients in the relation.

Reference : Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations by R.C.Mukherjee (MSc,PhD)

Note: Last time i specified the reference in this thread https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/concept-of-reduced-mass.805644/#post-5057261 @Orodruin abandoned it. I even sent him a message and i got no reply.

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Because they are already incorporated into the equivalents. The question remains, how do you know what an equivalent is?I'm not sure. Its given in my textbook that for the reaction aA+bB→cC+dD

eq. of A = eq. of B = eq. of C = eq. of D

I don't see the stochiometric coefficients in the relation.

Equivalents were modern somewhere in the mid-20th century if not earlier. As of today they were abandoned even by IUPAC (which is rather conservative and doesn't adapt quickly to changes).Reference : Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations by R.C.Mukherjee (MSc,PhD)

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I have not used balanced equations for solving volumetric calculation questions using equivalence. If you want, i will show how i solve such problems. I know what equivalence is. It depends on the situation. Like for sulphuric acid, n factor is 2. So its eq. wt. becomes Molecular wt./2Because they are already incorporated into the equivalents. The question remains, how do you know what an equivalent is?

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So, where did you got equivalence information from?I have not used balanced equations for solving volumetric calculation questions using equivalence.

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7.35g of a dibasic acid was dissolved in water and diluted to 250ml and 25ml of this solution was neutralized by 15ml of 1N NaOH solution. Calculate the molecular wt. of the acid.

equivalent of acid = ##\frac{7.35}{E}##

So 250ml contains ##\frac{7350}{E}## milli.eq. of acid

Hence 25ml contains ##\frac{735}{E}## milli.eq. of acid

Now milli.eq. of acid = milli.eq. of base

So ##\frac{735}{E}=15##

So E=49.

So molecular weight = eq.wt × basicity = 49×2 = 98.

Mentor

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You don't have to write the balanced equations.

So basically what you are saying is: I can solve any problem with equivalents, but I don't know how to find what the equivalent is.But carbon dioxide does not combine with hydrogen(nor oxygen). Then how can I find its eq. volume?

If you don't see a problem here, and if you don't see contradiction, I can't help you further. You were told how to find the answer. Stubbornly refusing to accept stoichiometry as a universal approach you are just wasting our time.

EOT

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My parents complain that i waste time by using PF. But i wanted to prove them wrong. If you want, help me. Else don't.

By the way, you are not wasting time. You are building a scientist or an engineer out of a student like me. So its not a waste.

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So reduce both experiments to the same number of g of mixture. Say it contains x moles of NaHCOI have to calculate the percentage of NaHCO_{3}in a mixture of NaCl, Na_{2}CO_{3}and NaHCO_{3}given thatI suppose they told you how many g ofthemixture produced 56ml of carbon dioxide on heating and 1.6g of the mixture required 25ml of 1N HCl solution for nuetralisation.

I can easily find it using the relation eq. of NaHCO_{3}=eq. of CO_{2}

And eq. of CO_{2}=56/11200

So weight of sodium bicarbonate is 56/11200 * 84 = 0.42g

Only the 11.2 part confuses me.

Also, its not really that easy to use the concept of moles because you have to balance the reaction to obtain a relation like "n moles of A combines with m moles of B..."

Balancing is not necessary if you use equivalents. You always have to follow a simple equation "milli.Eq of A=milli.Eq of B". This is what my teacher told me.

Secondly, concept of equivalence forms the basis of volumetric calculations and titrations (like iodometry). So it has to be taught.

Then the moles of CO

The moles of HCl used to titrate are x + 2y.

Simultaneous equations don't get much simpler. Just with moles. It looks like I answered your question previously but that answer wasn't needed to solve the problem. Likewise easily solve that of #14 or iodometric titrations.

Except for the question you seem to know how to translate moles into equivalents or vice versa if required by exam systems putting you through these hoops. I agree with

they are the best tool to confuse students. Your problem with solving the question is a perfect example of such a case - I bet just following the stoichiometry you would solve the problem long ago.

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How do you use mole concept in complexometric titrations like EDTA titration for estimation of hardness of water? We are not taught complexometric reactions and we were made to use equivalence.

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