# Can the limits of a function be imaginary?

## Main Question or Discussion Point

So if the limit of a function is an imaginary number, does that mean that the limit does not exist? Or that it does not exist on the xy-plane, or what?

I mean...imaginary and complex numbers exist, we just can't graph them on a Cartesian plane, right? Right?

I've managed to confuse myself terribly.

The limit of a function at a particular point can be an imaginary number...but only if the function is complex-valued.

A function is a map from one space to another. The functions commonly encountered in introductory calculus courses are normally real-valued functions, which take a single variable out of R (the real line), and map that to another value on R. For these functions, it's impossible for a limit to be an imaginary number. (verify this! hint: can you make the function value arbitrarily close to an imaginary number?)

Other functions, however, can take a real or complex argument and return a complex number. Now the limit of the function at a point could be imaginary, because the function value could get arbitrarily close to an imaginary number.

So there's no great mystery about limits being complex or imaginary; if the function value can take on those values, then limits can be of those values. However, in the familiar R -> R functions that are the topic of early calculus, this just can't happen.

Ah, thank you so much for clarifying this for me. :)

I don't really have anyone around me that I can talk to about math, excluding my teacher, and I just had to know! Ah!

Sweet.