Can we break the hydrogen bonds in DNA with Phonon?

  • #1
Double stranded DNA are bind with hydrogen bonds in between the nitrogenous bases, Usually we use high temperature for denature,so can we break the hydrogen bonds with phonon because shorter wavelength give rise to heat, weather it is possible to denature the DNA???
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Ygggdrasil
Science Advisor
Insights Author
Gold Member
3,427
3,911
If you say, use microwaves to heat the water, I suppose you could indirectly use photons to denature DNA. Shorter wavelengths will usually induce DNA damage. For example, UV radiation can change the identity of some of the bases by creating pyrimidine dimers or oxidizing bases. Ionizing radiation, like x-rays or gamma radiation, is capable of causing breaks in the DNA backbone. For more information, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA_repair#DNA_damage
 
  • Like
Likes Anand Wilson
  • #3
1,195
512
Are we talking about photons or phonons? I think Anand and Ygggdrasil are on two different wavelengths here (pardon the pun :biggrin:).
 
  • Like
Likes Anand Wilson and Ygggdrasil
  • #4
Ygggdrasil
Science Advisor
Insights Author
Gold Member
3,427
3,911
Ah, ok. I misread the question. Researchers often use sonication to mechanically fragment DNA into smaller pieces, so you might start breaking the DNA backbone before separating the DNA strands.
 
  • Like
Likes Anand Wilson
  • #5
Andy Resnick
Science Advisor
Education Advisor
Insights Author
7,619
2,291
Double stranded DNA are bind with hydrogen bonds in between the nitrogenous bases, Usually we use high temperature for denature,so can we break the hydrogen bonds with phonon because shorter wavelength give rise to heat, weather it is possible to denature the DNA???

Sure- a single strand break requires (IIRC) about 3 eV, while a double-strand break requires (again, IIRC) 25 eV.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12683817
http://iopscience.iop.org/1742-6596/373/1/012008/pdf/1742-6596_373_1_012008.pdf

From there, you can work out the required sound pressure levels.
 
  • Like
Likes Anand Wilson
  • #6
Sound pressure??, with high wave length! we can use sound! what about the short wave length if we need heat???
 
  • #7
Andy Resnick
Science Advisor
Education Advisor
Insights Author
7,619
2,291
Sound pressure??, with high wave length! we can use sound! what about the short wave length if we need heat???

I think you need to read up on some basics- you seem to be mixing up a bunch of concepts.
 

Related Threads on Can we break the hydrogen bonds in DNA with Phonon?

  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
4K
  • Last Post
Replies
20
Views
8K
Replies
5
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
4K
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
4K
Replies
5
Views
3K
  • Last Post
2
Replies
38
Views
16K
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
10
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
2K
Top