What is Bonds: Definition and 202 Discussions

Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24, 1964) is an American former professional baseball left fielder who played 22 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) with the Pittsburgh Pirates and San Francisco Giants. He received a record seven NL MVP awards, eight Gold Glove awards, a record 12 Silver Slugger awards, and 14 All-Star selections. He is considered to be one of the greatest baseball players of all time.Bonds holds many MLB hitting records, including most career home runs (762), most home runs in a single season (73, set in 2001) and most career walks. He led MLB in on-base plus slugging six times, and placed within the top five hitters in 12 of his 17 qualifying seasons.Bonds, an all-around baseball player, won eight Gold Glove awards for his defensive play in the outfield. He stole 514 bases, becoming the first and only MLB player to date with at least 500 home runs and 500 stolen bases (no other player has even 400 of each). He is ranked second in career Wins Above Replacement among all major league position players by both Fangraphs and Baseball-Reference.com, behind only Babe Ruth.However, Bonds led a controversial career, notably as a central figure in baseball's steroids scandal. In 2007, he was indicted on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice for allegedly lying to the grand jury during the federal government's investigation of BALCO. The perjury charges against Bonds were dropped and an initial obstruction of justice conviction was overturned in 2015.Bonds became eligible for the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 2013; he has not received the 75% of the vote needed to be elected, with his highest share of the vote coming in 2021 balloting, his 9th of 10 years of eligibility, when he received 61.8%. Some voters of the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) have stated that they did not vote for Bonds because they believe he used performance-enhancing drugs.

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  1. Z

    Chemistry How to understand hybridization in ##CH_3NNN##?

    The problem is that I am not sure how the ##NNN## portion of the molecule fits together. After looking on Wikipedia, it seems the structure is I am not sure about the reasoning that leads one to the above (resonant?) structures. Let's call the leftmost structure A and the rightmost structure...
  2. ruivocanadense

    I Covalent Bonds -- Which type of force?

    When you study physics deeper you learn there are 4 types of atomic forces that represent all other in the atomic level (i.e. electromagnetic force, gravitational force, strong nuclear force, weak nuclear force). I always try to see how they manifest in the the atomic interactions. For example...
  3. Lotto

    B What happens when ethane absorbs UV light?

    Because when I have two carbon atoms, they create a single bond, so their two electrons are in one boding orbital, but I have also one anti-bonding orbital here. And when the electron excitates from ##\sigma## to ##\sigma^*##, how can the bond between the carbon atoms exist? It has to disappear...
  4. P

    Solubility depends on polarity or on the number of hydrogen bonds?

    Does solubility depend on the polarity of the molecule or on the number of hydrogen bonds that are formed with water? For example: CF4 can form hydrogen bonds, but it's not polar. Glucose Is Polar e can form hydrogen bonds. How can I predict solubility? Thanks
  5. neilparker62

    Non polar molecule with polar bonds?

    Consider for example Carbon Dioxide. Oxygen is more electronegative than carbon so should obtain the "lion's share" of the paired electrons in the double bonds. But (as I see it anyway) the oxygen atoms on either side of the central carbon "assist" the carbon atom to maintain an even share of...
  6. samy4408

    About Van Der Waals interactions

    Hello, when reviewing the types of chemical bonds i was a little bit confused about van der waals interactions, in the definition we talk about momentarily disproportion of electrons that provoke a dipole , and then i read that also include hydrogen bonds . I am a bit confused about van der...
  7. nomadreid

    Molecular covalent bonds across energy levels

    I am sure this is an elementary question; I'm just trying to clarify some points that were poorly explained to me years ago in secondary school. I know that a full answer would involve solving Schrödinger's equation etc., but keeping this on the level of valence electrons,...) I was confused by...
  8. Mayhem

    Resources for IR tables for inorganic chemical bonds

    I recently had to do some IR specs of some inorganic compounds (technically organometallic), and I found the literature for inorganic bonds lacking, like the wavenumber of metal-oxygen, metal-carbon bonds etc. Is there a data book on this?
  9. VictorMedvil

    I How Do You Break Quantum Entanglement Bonds?

    I was doing some research into quantum entanglement but it is never well described how you break the bonds once they are formed does anyone have any expertise in this area on how to break quantum entanglement bonds? The best that I can understand is the bond is broken when interaction with the...
  10. Faizan Samad

    I Why does doping make resonating valence bonds (singlet pairs) mobile?

    I know in RVB theory that neighbouring Copper atoms form singlet pairs via the superexchange "force". Upon doping with holes, these neutral singlet RVB pairs become mobile and charged and are able to superconduct. I know that the resonating valence bonds are in the copper 3d(x^2-y^2) orbital and...
  11. user366312

    How can I calculate hydrogen bonds in a specific direction w.r.t. a C-

    I need to calculate H-bonds in a specific direction of a C-alpha atom of a protein. And, I need to calculate that from a PDB file. Can anyone give me a general guideline/direction/idea regarding how to do that? N.B. I need to write a python program.
  12. Dario56

    Why Do Atoms Need to Have Free Electrons to Create Covalent Bonds?

    Atoms bond because compounds are more stable or have less energy than individual atoms. Interatomic potential energy depends with distance of atoms and there is a distance at which potential energy has minimum. This distance is a length of the bond. When forming covalent bonds, why is it...
  13. P

    Ionic bonding question about "double" ionic bonds

    Is a "double" ionic bond (the transfer of two electrons) like in MgO any stronger (or really any different, structurally etc.) than a "single" ionic bond (the transfer of one electron) like in NaCl?
  14. Helena Wells

    A Crystal structures and number of bonds of each atom

    Is there a general rule for a crystal structure how many bonds each atom in the crystal lattice will make ?For example Si has a face centered cubic structure so it makes 4 bonds regardless of the fact Si has 4 valence electrons?
  15. M

    Is this a more accurate representation of a molecule?

    I see the top version used everywhere. But isn't the bottom version better? Because the top version makes it seem like H2 bonds with the C to its right and the other H2 bonds with the N. Whereas the bottom version shows the bonds correctly. Should I draw it like the top version and stop annoying...
  16. H

    Difference between co-ordinate covalent bonds and ionic bonds?

    Right now we are learning about the Lewis definition of acids and bases. I don't get the clear difference between co-ordinate covalent and ionic bonds. For example, AlCl3 is listed as a co-ordinate covalent bond because experiments show that it behaves like a covalent molecule. Why can't it be...
  17. K

    I Molecular Bond in H2+: Explained

    The ## {H_2^+}## molecule consists of two hydrogen nuclei and a single electron.What kind of molecular bond do you think holds this molecular together? Explain.
  18. Navin

    Are There Dative Bonds In Isocyanides ?

    Okay guys, i had a question. Now in many indian publications and lecture rooms they say that we can represent HNC and isocyanides with a dative(coordinate) bond, but when i looked it up online, almost no one used such a structure. Wikipedia, Quora, Chem libre texts, etc, they describe it having...
  19. O

    B Photon exchange in molecular bonds

    So a photon is absorbed into and emitted from electrons, causing the electrons to jump energy levels around an atomic nucleus. And enough energy absorbed into the electron will cause the electron to break from the atom altogether. My question is, where does this energy that enters the...
  20. C

    Can Covalent Bonds form between atoms with no electrons?

    Homework Statement I learned that Covalent Bonds form between different specific atoms ( with similar electro-negativity ) with electrons. However, I wondered what type of bond would form between the different atoms if they had no electrons? Also , if I have 2 atoms with similar...
  21. S

    Covalent bonds formed by carbon

    Homework Statement What is the maximum number of covalent bonds formed by carbon with nitrogen? A)2 B)3 C)4 D)1 Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution I have not come across a single compound which has more than 3 C-N bonds. But my book is giving the answer as 4. Now, I am not sure...
  22. komarxian

    Chemistry: Heat of Sublimation and Hydrogem Bonds Problem

    Homework Statement Using the heats of fusion and vaporization for water, calculate the change in enthalpy for the sublimation of water: H2O(s) --> H2O(g Using the delta H value given in Exercise 24 and the number of hydrogen bonds formed to each water molecule, estimate what portion of the...
  23. jerromyjon

    How many bonds can there be between two atoms?

    Are there any elements or molecules that exchange greater than 4 electrons per bond? I just thought of something off the wall and have no idea what to even google.
  24. Y

    How strong a long chain of c=c double bonds will be?

    How strong a long chain of carbon carbon double bonds will be compared to nano tubes? H>c=c=c=c=c=c=c=c=...=c=c=c=c=c=c=c=c=c=c=c=c<H
  25. I

    Which elements form covalent bonds?

    This might be a very basic question. What are the elements that are in the world of creating covalent bonds, distinguishing themsevels from the elements that never form covalent bonds? Many thanks!
  26. shihab-kol

    Sigma and Pi Bonds: Questions for Novices

    I am a novice and new to bonding and there are a few clarifications I need. 1) Does a single covalent bond always mean a sigma bond? 2) Does a double covalent bond always mean 1 sigma and 1 pi? 3) And does a triple covalent bond always mean 1 sigma and 2 pi bonds?
  27. J

    Electrophilic and Nucleophilic

    I would like to clarify this particular question. According to the answer key, the answer is D. However, I argued to my friend that there may be an error in this question. The arrow is pointing toward a carbon atom so the question might have been " The indicated carbon atom is:". But if...
  28. D

    Water molecules effect on Hydrogen bonds in precipitation

    Cheers everyone. Can the amount of water molecules added to a solution impact the formation of a salt with its ions mainly bonded through hydrogen bonds with electrostatic like behaviour? Let me give Some background to the question first: I am studying the precipitation of Phosphorous(P) as...
  29. S

    Van der Waals vs. Hydrogen bonds

    I know that the two are different thing, that vdW appears in inert gas crystals and alike while hydrogen bond bonds molecules of water. My question is, how does the potential look for hydrogen bond? For vdWaals we have the two terms proportional to 1/R^6 that describes attraction and 1/R^12...
  30. J

    I Energy of pp, np, nn bonds

    I am curious as to why proton-proton, neutron-neutron bonds are preferable in the nucleus; the pairing term in the semi empirical mass formula for the nucleus comes from the fact that pp and nn bonds are more stable in the nucleus (higher binding energy or more negative potential energy, however...
  31. yecko

    Number of Pi Bonds: MO Model

    Homework Statement http://i.imgur.com/HunOeH0.png Homework Equations MO model The Attempt at a Solution as far as i know, number of pi bond is equal to 3 - the "power" of p (the hybridized bond formed) the answer "4" is only calculated from the 4 elements' bond in part b, so why the central...
  32. ReidMerrill

    Hydrogen bonds and binding energy question

    I'm doing a computational lab about binding energy and comparing different methods of solvation. What does positive and negative binding energy signify? Half of the places I look say the more positive the binding energy the stronger the interaction between the molecules. Other places say the...
  33. donaldparida

    IUPAC nomenclature for many multiple bonds

    My previous Chemistry teacher while teaching IUPAC nomenclature said that the double bond is always given greater priority over the triple bond and the numbering of the carbon atom chain is done in such a way that the double bond gets the lowest possible number while my present Chemistry teacher...
  34. F

    Chemical Bonds - various questions

    A group 2 metal always forms 2+ ions, since the second electron is harder to remove how come you don't find 1+ ions of these in ionic compound formations, How does it always manage to lose both outer electrons? So it takes a certain amount of energy to break a bond, how does water molecules...
  35. R

    Can H2S Molecules Form Hydrogen Bonds?

    can H2s form hydrogen bonds i read that H2s can , but I'm not so sure about it .
  36. Shafia Zahin

    Free rotation of bonds in carbons

    Hi,I wanted to know what exactly the free rotation of bonds in alkene means in the cis-trans isomerism?[
  37. I

    B Understanding Chemical Bonds: How Does Quantum Mechanics Explain Them?

    So in general chemistry we learned about covelant bonds and ionic bonds and such, but recently I learned that electrons have wave-particle duality and that many things I learned in general chemistry are not necessarily completely wrong but oversimplified (such as Bohr Model). So how does quantum...
  38. Kuzon

    How do covalent bonds of the same molecule form?

    There is no difference in electronegativity, so how do bonds form? Take for example C-C, they both want 4 electrons for a full valence shell to become more stable - they meet each other, but how come they share 4 electrons? There is no difference in electronegativity for them to attract each...
  39. E

    Understanding Bond Energy and Breaking Bonds

    "When we supply bond energy to two molecules that have bonded, the potential energy of the molecules increase causing the molecules to break bonds." -Is this the correct explanation regarding bond energy? If not, kindly explain this process to me, it's very confusing.
  40. RoboNerd

    Sublimation of Graphite: Understanding the Process and Its Significance

    Homework Statement Multiple choice:[/B] In which of the following processes are covalent bonds broken? a) solid sodium chlroide melts b) bronze melts c) sucrose dissolves in water d) solid carbon graphite sublimes e) solid carbon dioxide sublimes Homework Equations none The Attempt at a...
  41. C

    B Can all elements, (not including gases) form Ionic Bonds?

    I've been looking all over the internet, can calcium and iron form an ionic bond, Gold and Radium, Sodium and Tin. If those elements happened to run into each other. Also, another thing I don't understand is why don't the atoms in my hand bond with atoms on the wall when they come into contact.
  42. T

    Are bonds formed in higher energy levels weaker?

    If there was a bond in the 2p vs 3p subshell, which would be stronger? Taking into consideration that they are in the same group Thanks
  43. D

    Exercise about determining energy of light that breaks bonds

    Homework Statement Hello! Here is the quote of the exercise: Excessive exposure to sunlight increases the risk of skin cancer because some of the photons have enough energy to break chemical bonds in biological molecules. These bonds require approximately 250–800 kJ / mol of energy to break...
  44. Karan Punjabi

    Nitrogen Bond Formation: 2 Electrons in 2p Orbital

    Guys, I'm just thinking about how Nitrogen makes two bonds if it has 3 electrons in 2p orbital. I made a judgement that one electron from 2s orbital will transfer to one of 2p orbitals then there are two 2p orbitals which can make a bond? Is this correct or there is other mechanism?
  45. J

    Electrons, Ionic Bonds: Hello Physics Forum - Q&A

    Hello Physics Forum, I have a quick question for the scientific community that I am unable to find online (likely because the term doesn't exist), but is there are term for the act of an electron moving from one orbit into another when binding two elements? Also I have a very minimal...
  46. B

    Are molecules only held together by Covalent bonds?

    Hi there, I'm studying for IGCSE Chemistry and I'm a little confused with Bonding/Molecules. My textbook says: "Molecules are held together by covalent bonds" I'm a little confused by this as I thought a molecule was formed when two or more atoms (same or different elements) join together...
  47. F

    Release or absortion of energy on bonds and phase change

    I believe I can explain why there is energy needed to break intermoleculares bonds and getting into a gas or liquid, but the other way around confuses me. Bonds have potential energy associated to it, so It's needed work to break the bonds, because we would be trying to move a molecule away from...
  48. ELiT.Maxwell

    Maximum number of hydrogen bonds

    like in NH3, maximum number of Hydrogen bonds is 4 and general is 2 ... is it that in any molecule, max number of hydrogen bonds=Hydrogens with +∂ change + lone pairs with -∂ charge (enough polarization by F or O or N and chelated with Cl) now, if that was correct, hydrazine nh2-nh2 forms 6...
  49. D

    High School Students: Chemistry, Ionic/Covalent Bonds, Urea & Hydroxyurea

    I came here from https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/i-dont-understand-how-hcl-is-not-a-ionic-bond.449393/ where replies are no longer allowed. I wanted to reply to suggest a few things: High school students who like chemistry are far smarter than anyone will give them credit for. High...
  50. T

    Formation of bonds and heat release

    Hello, We know when there's formation of bonds during chemical reaction there's heat release to the surrounding due to conservation of energy. But what I am confused about, is the kinetic energy of the surrounding increase or the kinetic energy of the atoms that made the bonds increase? if it...