Charged particle in magentic field problem

  1. 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A deuteron (the nucleus of an isotope of hydrogen) has a mass 3.34× 10−27 kg
    and a charge of +1.60 × 10−19 C. The deuteron travels in a circular path with
    a radius of 7.32mm in a magnetic field with magnitude 2.00T.
    (i) What is the angle between the velocity and magnetic field vectors?
    (ii) Calculate the speed of the deuteron.
    (iii) Calculate the time required for it to make half a revolution.

    2. Relevant equations

    F=qVBsin(theta)

    R=(mv)/(qB)


    3. The attempt at a solution

    I think I know how to solve parts ii and iii using the second equation listed, rearranged for V, then the time period would be ((pi)R)/V (half revolution)

    However with part i it seems to me there is no way of calculating the angle without knowing V? Am I missing something here? It seems stupid that they would ask for a calcualtion including V without working it out first, which comes after
     
  2. jcsd
  3. ehild

    ehild 12,240
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    What is the direction of the force the magnetic field exerts on the particle?

    ehild
     
  4. Is that a question you know the answer to and are asking me to think about or is it something you want to know haha sorry i'm a bit confused. The force will be perpendicular to the field and the velocity using the right hand screw rule
     
  5. ehild

    ehild 12,240
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    Perfect. The force is the same as the centripetal force for the circular orbit the particle travels. This plane of the circle is perpendicular to the magnetic field. The velocity vector is in the same plane as the circle, is not it?

    If the velocity of the particle were not perpendicular to the magnetic field, that is, it had both a parallel and normal component, the magnetic field would not influence the parallel component, the particle would move along a helix.

    ehild
     
  6. Still not sure how to solve the angle for part (i) though!
     
  7. ehild

    ehild 12,240
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    What do you think? The particle moves in a plane that is perpendicular to the magnetic field. Can the velocity vector point out of this plane? What is the angle between any vector in-plane and the magnetic field?

    ehild
     
  8. No the magentic force is perpendicular to both the vector and magnetic field vectors. This means the field and the velocity vectors are in the same plane. Thus they are not always perpendicular.
     
  9. ehild

    ehild 12,240
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    The particle moves along a circle with uniform speed. The circle defines the plane in which both the velocity and the force lie. The force is radial, and rotates around while the particle is moving. The magnetic field is perpendicular to the force at every instant: it is normal to the plane of the circle. The velocity also lies in the plane of the circle. If a vector is normal to a plane, it is perpendicular to every vector lying in the plane.

    ehild
     
  10. sorry it seems I have become very confused. You are correct, i apologise for my questioning of your knowledge :)
     
  11. ehild

    ehild 12,240
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    Well, one never knows who is there at the other end.
    I suppose you know the answer to part i now?

    ehild
     
  12. Very true... If I'm assuming all my understanding is now correct, there is no calculation to part i, just the fact that they are perpendicular ie 90 degrees
     
  13. ehild

    ehild 12,240
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    The circular orbit is crucial. If the particle had a component parallel with B, it would move along a helix. But it travels along a circle, so there is no parallel component of v.

    ehild
     
    Last edited: May 27, 2010
  14. Drawing a picture might help a lot. I would highly recommend doing that if you haven't alreadly done it.
     
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