What is Charged particle: Definition and 271 Discussions

In physics, a charged particle is a particle with an electric charge. It may be an ion, such as a molecule or atom with a surplus or deficit of electrons relative to protons. It can also be an electron or a proton, or another elementary particle, which are all believed to have the same charge (except antimatter). Another charged particle may be an atomic nucleus devoid of electrons, such as an alpha particle.
A plasma is a collection of charged particles, atomic nuclei and separated electrons, but can also be a gas containing a significant proportion of charged particles.

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  1. Philip Koeck

    A Ponderomotive force and conservation of momentum

    According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ponderomotive_force a charge in an inhomogeneous, oscillating electric field will be accelerated in the direction where the field gets weaker. One could think of a charged particle placed slightly off-center inside a laser beam. If I read the Wikipedia...
  2. S

    Direction of movement and sign of the charged particle

    From the picture, the particle experiences upwards force. But how to determine the direction of motion? I think there are two possibilities: if the particle is positive, it moves from Q to P and if it is negative it moves from P to Q. Thanks
  3. flamebane

    Electric Flux through a semi-spherical bowl from a charged particle

    I believe this does has a couple of Calculus aspects to it but I don't really know how I'd find the surface area of inside the bowl. The answer sheet says the answer is 252 with a margin of error of +/- 1
  4. R

    I Question about the motion of a charged particle

    Hi, I have a question about the motion of a charged particle in crossed E and B fields. if B was pointing in the Z direction and E in the y direction then the component of the motion in the Z plane = 0. The only reason for this to happen is that the electric force due to the E field depends on...
  5. SkyeAlen

    Kinetic Energy of a Charged Particle near a Charged Ring

    A point charge of value q=8uC is released from rest at a point 1.5m away from the center of the axis of a ring with uniform charge density 3uC/m. The ring has a radius of 10 cm. What is the kinetic energy of this charge when it is 4.5 cm from the center of the charge ring, considering that it is...
  6. A

    I Radiate Single Charged Particle: Free Fall in Black Hole?

    Does a single charged particle in free fall into a black hole radiate?
  7. T

    A A question about charged particle in a magnetic field

    Suppose a molecule from our surrounding air (at ambient temperature) is being selected and is ionized. By some mechanical means, some velocity (say 100 m/s) is added to it and it has been put into a magnetic field perpendicular to its direction of motion. We all know how the molecule will behave...
  8. J

    Find net velocity of charged particle in electric field (symbols only)

    We know the net force on the charged particle in the uniform electric field pointing up is mg - qE. To get acceleration, divide the net force by mass to get g - qE/m Plug into kinematic equation and get velocity by itself and substitute$$\sqrt{h(2g - \frac{q \sigma}{\epsilon_o m})}$$
  9. A

    I Motion of a charged particle -- Changes in KE and PE?

    If a charged particle moves through a potential difference, it gains kinetic energy but does it also lose potential energy? When I accelerate a particle and then I "free it", what happen to its potential energy if the total energy should be conserved?
  10. Amaterasu21

    B Charged Particle on Earth's Surface: Will It Emit Radiation?

    General relativity tells us that an object in free-fall is actually inertial, following a geodesic through curved spacetime, and not accelerating. Instead, it's objects like us, on the surface of a large body, that are accelerating upwards. Maxwell's equations also tell us that accelerated...
  11. zhangnous

    Hamiltonian for a charged particle in a magnetic field

    I find a exercise in Leonard Susskind's book Classical Mechanics the Hamiltonian of a charged particle in a magnetic field(ignore the electric field) is $$H=\sum_{i} \left\{ \frac{1}{2m} \left[ p_{i}-\frac{e}{c}A_{i}(x) \right]\left[ p_{i}-\frac{e}{c}A_{i}(x) \right]...
  12. K

    Charged particle oscillation about the origin

    Hello! This is probably something simple but I am getting confused about it. Assume we have an electric field along the z axis given by ##E = -kz##, with ##k>0##, so the field on both sides of the xy-plane points towards the origin. Let's say that we have a positively charged ion at the origin...
  13. J

    Fundamental Forces: Force of one charged particle on another

    So first I did the vector stuff. r2-r1= 1.3 i hat-47.5 j hat-14.5 k hat magnitude = 49.68 magnitude squared = 2468.19 Now plugging it all in... F=9E9*6.3E-3*2.8E-3/2468.19=64.322 y vector, -47.5/49.68=-0.956119 j hat Multiply this by force and I get -61.499 but answer should be -36.14
  14. L

    I Charged Particle Free Fall in Grav Field: Does Anyone Know Answer?

    From one point of view the charged particle is accelerating and should emit electromagnetic waves. But from the equivalence principle, I think, it should not. Does anybody know the answer?
  15. greg_rack

    Circular trajectory traveled by a charged particle in a magnetic field

    The Lorentz's force acting on a charged particle perpendicularly "hitting" a magnetic field will be directed upwards, and generally directed towards the center of the circumference traveled by this particle, and so will cause a centripetal acceleration to keep it in a circular motion. By...
  16. peace

    The motion of a charged particle in a magnetic field

    qvB=mv^2/R R=mv/qB= p/qB ! As you can see, the difference between this relation and the relation in question is in 'c'. Maybe my way is wrong. Maybe I should get help from relativity because the speed of light is involved here. Please help. Thankful
  17. E

    Function for the movement of a charged particle in a B field

    The movement in the z-direction is easy to solve for, as it's only affected by the gravitational force. However, if there's a magnetic field pointing down along the z-axis, the particle is going to be accelerated along the y-axis (F=q*v *B). The force is always going to be perpendicular to the...
  18. E

    Quantum motion of a charged particle in a magnetic field

    Once I know the Hamiltonian, I know to take the determinant ##\left| \vec H-\lambda \vec I \right| = 0 ## and solve for ##\lambda## which are the eigenvalues/eigenenergies. My problem is, I'm unsure how to formulate the Hamiltonian. Is my potential ##U(r)## my scalar field ##\phi##? I've seen...
  19. dRic2

    Lagrangian/Hamiltonian of a charged particle

    I know that a moving particle is subjected to its own field according to Lienard-Wiechert potentials. But is it possible to write a non-relativistic Lagrangian which, upon variation of the action, give rise to the "correct" equation of motion? If such a Lagrangian/Hamiltonian exists, then is it...
  20. F

    Magnetic Bottle and the Kinetic Energy of a Charged Particle

    Hello, When a charged particle is inside a magnetic bottle at the right speed, the particle bounces back and forth and is confined inside the magnetic field. The magnetic force does not work on the particle hence the particle's kinetic energy remains constant. That means that the particle may...
  21. sergiokapone

    Equation of motion in polar coordinates for charged particle

    A solution of equations of motion for charged particle in a uniform magnetic field are well known (##r = const##, ## \dot{\phi} = const##). But if I tring to solve this equation using only mathematical background (without physical reasoning) I can't do this due to entaglements of variables...
  22. SLTH02

    Determine the potential energy function of the charged particle

    I understand that you need to integrate f(x), and the negative of that is U(x). But the last part of the problem says "Clearly state any assumptions you make." And the answer is just the antiderivative of that f(x) without any constant from integrationHow does that make sense
  23. A

    Electric Field for the circular path of a positively charged particle

    Here is picture. Answers is A. My attempt was that I thought if i were to place a positive test charge then it would go from top to bottom if there was a positive charge in the center it was avoiding and a positively charged particle at the top, but an electron at the bottom so it would avoid...
  24. S_Wildjocks

    Forces acting on a magnet which is deflecting a charged particle

    Summary: Considering a charged particle moving through a magnetic field, what forces does the particle exert on the magnet that is causing it to deflect? Hi all, probably a dumb question, but what force(s) does a charged particle exert on a magnet as it passes through it's magnetic field and...
  25. CricK0es

    Separation of variables: Context of decelerating charged particle

    Attempted rewriting acceleration, a, in terms of dv/dt and then separating variables to integrate. This didn’t work... So then I remembered that my gamma factor is also a function of v (!), but then I think I would be required to play around with integration by parts, which seems overly...
  26. G

    Relativistic charged particle in a constant, uniform EM field

    I have to find pμ(τ) of a particle of mass m and charge q with v(0) = (vx(0), vy(0), vz(0)) in a electric field E parallel to the y-axis and a magnetic field B parallel to z axis, both constant and uniform, with E = B. Here follows what I have done (see pictures below): I wrote 4 differential...
  27. K

    Velocity of a charged particle

    Hi. I will be glad if you can help me with a small problem. I got a cylinder with a density $$ \rho (r) = b \cdot e^{\lambda r} $$, with radius $$ R $$. If I let go a charge q < 0 from $$ R_0 $$ when $$ R_0 > R $$ , what will be the velocity that the charge will hit the axis of the cylinder.So...
  28. fight_club_alum

    Electric Potential slowing a charged particle to a stop

    Homework Statement A particle (mass 6.7 × 10–27 kg, charge 3.2 × 10–19 μC) moves along the positive x-axis with a speed of 4.8 × 105 m/s. It enters a region of uniform electric field parallel to its motion and comes to rest after moving 2.0 m into the field. What is the magnitude of the...
  29. Mutatis

    Net force acting on a charged particle ##+Q##

    Homework Statement Twelve equal particles of charge ##+q## are equally spaced over a circumference (like the hours in a watch) of radius R. At the center of the circumference is a particle with charge ##+Q##. a) Describe the net force acting over ##+Q##. b) If the charge located at...
  30. Zack K

    Location of charged particle given magnitude of position

    Homework Statement A charged particle has an electric field at ##\langle -0.13, 0.14, 0 \rangle## m is ##\langle 6.48\times10^3, -8.64\times10^3, 0 \rangle## N/C. The charged particle is -3nC. Where is the particle located? Homework Equations ##\vec E=\frac 1 {4π\varepsilon_0} \frac q {|\vec...
  31. cookiemnstr510510

    Charged particle moving in circular path in a magnetic field

    Homework Statement A deuteron nucleus (consisting of one proton and one neutron) has a mass of 3.34x10-27kg and a charge of 1.602x10-19C. The deuteron nucleus travels in a circular path of radius, 6.6mm, in a magnetic field with magnitude of 2.1T. A) Find the speed of the deuteron nucleus B)...
  32. T

    I Charged particle acceleration across a potential

    Hello, I haven't been able to find the answer to this anywhere. When calculating the energy gained by a particle that is accelerated across the gap of two cavities (e.g. Dees in a cyclotron, or charged cylindrical cavities of a linear accelerator), does one need to take into account the size of...
  33. Abhimessi10

    Motion of a charged particle in magnetic field

    Homework Statement A particle of charge -q and mass m enterd magnetic field B at A with speed v1 at an angle alpha and leaves the field at C with v2 at angle beta.Then, a)alpha=beta b)v1=v2 c)particle remains in the field for time t=(2m(pi-alpha))/qB d)All of these Please see image below...
  34. jha192001

    Magnetic Field and a Charged Particle -- relative motion question

    Here's a experiment. There is a magnetic field vertically downward and a charged particle is kept inside it. Simple. Does it experience a force? Now if we move a speed of 2m/s relative to the frame of rest charged particle. Then it must experience a force right?(Becuz now its velocity is not...
  35. BookWei

    Field strength tensor for a moving charged particle

    Hi, I am studying Chapter14 in Jackson. My attached file is about field strength tensor. My question is how can I obtain the radiation and the non-radiation terms in the field strength tensor for a moving charged particle. Many thanks.
  36. N

    Velocity of a charged particle as it approaches infinity

    Homework Statement Homework Equations F = k(q1q1/r^2) K = (mv^2)/2 The Attempt at a Solution I got number 18 easy enough, number 19 seems simple but I'm not getting the right answer. I'm calculating Force exerted by each charge on the new charge using F = k(q1q1/r^2) for the three charges...
  37. S

    Charged particle motion in a magnetic feild

    Homework Statement A particle moves along a circle in a region of uniform magnetic field of magnitude B=4.0 mT. The particle is either a proton or an electron. It experiences a magnetic force of magnitude 3.2x1015 N. What are (a) the charge of the particle? (b) The particle speed? (c) The...
  38. Ignitia

    Motion of a Charged Particle in Magnetic Field

    Homework Statement Viewers of Star Trek have heard of an antimatter drive on the Starship Enterprise. One possibility for such a futuristic energy source is to store antimatter charged particles in a vacuum chamber, circulating in a magnetic field, and then extract them as needed. Antimatter...
  39. J

    How Does the Direction of Fields Affect Charged Particle Motion?

    Homework Statement Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution I am not quite understanding what is given in the question .Are the two directions of the fields known to us ? Assuming we know the two directions , say for example if we know that the two fields are in x and y directions , but...
  40. AdrianHudson

    I Particle Focusing using EM fields

    Good day all! I have a question that has been in my head bouncing around for a while and I figured the best resource would be here as I can't find anymore related information (Or I am just looking in the incorrect spot). My apologies if this is in the wrong section I wasn't too sure where to...
  41. M

    Question about charged particle in an electric field

    Question: A) A small charged sphere is attached to a thread and placed in an electric field. The other end of the thread is anchored so that the sphere is in a static situation when placed in the field. If the thread is horizontal, find the magnitude and direction of the electric field. The...
  42. F

    Harmonic Motion of a Charged Particle

    Homework Statement Two positive point charges Q are located at points (±l, 0). A particle with positive charge q and mass m is initially located midway between them and is then given a tiny kick. If it is constrained to move along the line joining the two charges Q, show that it undergoes...
  43. D

    Intro Physics Photon and charged particle interactions with matter

    I am about to teach some of an introductory course for bachelor students in the field of medical physics. More specifically the topic "Photon and charged particle interactions with matter" in respect to radiation therapy (again, medical physics). I know there are a lot of topics within radiation...
  44. Curtis Cleary

    Find the coordinates of a charged particle given the E field

    Homework Statement The electric field in an xy plane produced by a positively chatged particle is 7.2(4x+3y)N/C at the point (3, 3)cm and 100x N/C at the poiint (2, 0)cm. Note, x and y used here are unit vectors. find the x and y co-ordinate of the charged particle what is the charge of the...
  45. G

    Thermal radiation and charged particle acceleration

    A non ionized neutral gas should still emit thermal radiation.,say xenon. Is this solely because of electron transitions ? I ask this because a lot of sources attribute the emission to charge particle acceleration,so neutral atoms should not do this,is this right?
  46. C

    Force between two charged particle beams -- proton and electron beams

    Homework Statement A proton beam is going from north to south and an electron beam is going from south to north, so in which direction is the electron beam deflected Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution . [/B] I thought an electron...
  47. J

    Charged particle in a magnetic field

    Homework Statement Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution Velocity of particle at any time t is v = vxi + vyj Net Force on the particle F = (2qvyB)i + (2qvxB)j Net acceleration of the particle = F/m Magnitude of net acceleration = (2qvB)/m Particle has an initial velocity as well...