# What is Charged particle: Definition and 271 Discussions

In physics, a charged particle is a particle with an electric charge. It may be an ion, such as a molecule or atom with a surplus or deficit of electrons relative to protons. It can also be an electron or a proton, or another elementary particle, which are all believed to have the same charge (except antimatter). Another charged particle may be an atomic nucleus devoid of electrons, such as an alpha particle.
A plasma is a collection of charged particles, atomic nuclei and separated electrons, but can also be a gas containing a significant proportion of charged particles.

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1. ### A Ponderomotive force and conservation of momentum

According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ponderomotive_force a charge in an inhomogeneous, oscillating electric field will be accelerated in the direction where the field gets weaker. One could think of a charged particle placed slightly off-center inside a laser beam. If I read the Wikipedia...
2. ### Direction of movement and sign of the charged particle

From the picture, the particle experiences upwards force. But how to determine the direction of motion? I think there are two possibilities: if the particle is positive, it moves from Q to P and if it is negative it moves from P to Q. Thanks
3. ### Electric Flux through a semi-spherical bowl from a charged particle

I believe this does has a couple of Calculus aspects to it but I don't really know how I'd find the surface area of inside the bowl. The answer sheet says the answer is 252 with a margin of error of +/- 1
4. ### I Question about the motion of a charged particle

Hi, I have a question about the motion of a charged particle in crossed E and B fields. if B was pointing in the Z direction and E in the y direction then the component of the motion in the Z plane = 0. The only reason for this to happen is that the electric force due to the E field depends on...
5. ### Kinetic Energy of a Charged Particle near a Charged Ring

A point charge of value q=8uC is released from rest at a point 1.5m away from the center of the axis of a ring with uniform charge density 3uC/m. The ring has a radius of 10 cm. What is the kinetic energy of this charge when it is 4.5 cm from the center of the charge ring, considering that it is...
6. ### I Radiate Single Charged Particle: Free Fall in Black Hole?

Does a single charged particle in free fall into a black hole radiate?
7. ### A A question about charged particle in a magnetic field

Suppose a molecule from our surrounding air (at ambient temperature) is being selected and is ionized. By some mechanical means, some velocity (say 100 m/s) is added to it and it has been put into a magnetic field perpendicular to its direction of motion. We all know how the molecule will behave...
8. ### Find net velocity of charged particle in electric field (symbols only)

We know the net force on the charged particle in the uniform electric field pointing up is mg - qE. To get acceleration, divide the net force by mass to get g - qE/m Plug into kinematic equation and get velocity by itself and substitute$$\sqrt{h(2g - \frac{q \sigma}{\epsilon_o m})}$$

10. ### I Motion of a charged particle -- Changes in KE and PE?

If a charged particle moves through a potential difference, it gains kinetic energy but does it also lose potential energy? When I accelerate a particle and then I "free it", what happen to its potential energy if the total energy should be conserved?
11. ### B Charged Particle on Earth's Surface: Will It Emit Radiation?

General relativity tells us that an object in free-fall is actually inertial, following a geodesic through curved spacetime, and not accelerating. Instead, it's objects like us, on the surface of a large body, that are accelerating upwards. Maxwell's equations also tell us that accelerated...

30. ### Electric Potential slowing a charged particle to a stop

Homework Statement A particle (mass 6.7 × 10–27 kg, charge 3.2 × 10–19 μC) moves along the positive x-axis with a speed of 4.8 × 105 m/s. It enters a region of uniform electric field parallel to its motion and comes to rest after moving 2.0 m into the field. What is the magnitude of the...
31. ### Net force acting on a charged particle ##+Q##

Homework Statement Twelve equal particles of charge ##+q## are equally spaced over a circumference (like the hours in a watch) of radius R. At the center of the circumference is a particle with charge ##+Q##. a) Describe the net force acting over ##+Q##. b) If the charge located at...
32. ### Location of charged particle given magnitude of position

Homework Statement A charged particle has an electric field at ##\langle -0.13, 0.14, 0 \rangle## m is ##\langle 6.48\times10^3, -8.64\times10^3, 0 \rangle## N/C. The charged particle is -3nC. Where is the particle located? Homework Equations ##\vec E=\frac 1 {4π\varepsilon_0} \frac q {|\vec...
33. ### Charged particle moving in circular path in a magnetic field

Homework Statement A deuteron nucleus (consisting of one proton and one neutron) has a mass of 3.34x10-27kg and a charge of 1.602x10-19C. The deuteron nucleus travels in a circular path of radius, 6.6mm, in a magnetic field with magnitude of 2.1T. A) Find the speed of the deuteron nucleus B)...
34. ### I Charged particle acceleration across a potential

Hello, I haven't been able to find the answer to this anywhere. When calculating the energy gained by a particle that is accelerated across the gap of two cavities (e.g. Dees in a cyclotron, or charged cylindrical cavities of a linear accelerator), does one need to take into account the size of...
35. ### Motion of a charged particle in magnetic field

Homework Statement A particle of charge -q and mass m enterd magnetic field B at A with speed v1 at an angle alpha and leaves the field at C with v2 at angle beta.Then, a)alpha=beta b)v1=v2 c)particle remains in the field for time t=(2m(pi-alpha))/qB d)All of these Please see image below...
36. ### Magnetic Field and a Charged Particle -- relative motion question

Here's a experiment. There is a magnetic field vertically downward and a charged particle is kept inside it. Simple. Does it experience a force? Now if we move a speed of 2m/s relative to the frame of rest charged particle. Then it must experience a force right?(Becuz now its velocity is not...
37. ### Field strength tensor for a moving charged particle

Hi, I am studying Chapter14 in Jackson. My attached file is about field strength tensor. My question is how can I obtain the radiation and the non-radiation terms in the field strength tensor for a moving charged particle. Many thanks.
38. ### Velocity of a charged particle as it approaches infinity

Homework Statement Homework Equations F = k(q1q1/r^2) K = (mv^2)/2 The Attempt at a Solution I got number 18 easy enough, number 19 seems simple but I'm not getting the right answer. I'm calculating Force exerted by each charge on the new charge using F = k(q1q1/r^2) for the three charges...
39. ### Charged particle motion in a magnetic feild

Homework Statement A particle moves along a circle in a region of uniform magnetic field of magnitude B=4.0 mT. The particle is either a proton or an electron. It experiences a magnetic force of magnitude 3.2x1015 N. What are (a) the charge of the particle? (b) The particle speed? (c) The...
40. ### Motion of a Charged Particle in Magnetic Field

Homework Statement Viewers of Star Trek have heard of an antimatter drive on the Starship Enterprise. One possibility for such a futuristic energy source is to store antimatter charged particles in a vacuum chamber, circulating in a magnetic field, and then extract them as needed. Antimatter...
41. ### How Does the Direction of Fields Affect Charged Particle Motion?

Homework Statement Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution I am not quite understanding what is given in the question .Are the two directions of the fields known to us ? Assuming we know the two directions , say for example if we know that the two fields are in x and y directions , but...
42. ### I Particle Focusing using EM fields

Good day all! I have a question that has been in my head bouncing around for a while and I figured the best resource would be here as I can't find anymore related information (Or I am just looking in the incorrect spot). My apologies if this is in the wrong section I wasn't too sure where to...
43. ### Question about charged particle in an electric field

Question: A) A small charged sphere is attached to a thread and placed in an electric field. The other end of the thread is anchored so that the sphere is in a static situation when placed in the field. If the thread is horizontal, find the magnitude and direction of the electric field. The...
44. ### Harmonic Motion of a Charged Particle

Homework Statement Two positive point charges Q are located at points (±l, 0). A particle with positive charge q and mass m is initially located midway between them and is then given a tiny kick. If it is constrained to move along the line joining the two charges Q, show that it undergoes...
45. ### Which creates an electric field -- charge or a charged particle?

wich creates an electric field charge or a charged particle (electron)
46. ### Intro Physics Photon and charged particle interactions with matter

I am about to teach some of an introductory course for bachelor students in the field of medical physics. More specifically the topic "Photon and charged particle interactions with matter" in respect to radiation therapy (again, medical physics). I know there are a lot of topics within radiation...
47. ### Find the coordinates of a charged particle given the E field

Homework Statement The electric field in an xy plane produced by a positively chatged particle is 7.2(4x+3y)N/C at the point (3, 3)cm and 100x N/C at the poiint (2, 0)cm. Note, x and y used here are unit vectors. find the x and y co-ordinate of the charged particle what is the charge of the...
48. ### Thermal radiation and charged particle acceleration

A non ionized neutral gas should still emit thermal radiation.,say xenon. Is this solely because of electron transitions ? I ask this because a lot of sources attribute the emission to charge particle acceleration,so neutral atoms should not do this,is this right?
49. C

### Force between two charged particle beams -- proton and electron beams

Homework Statement A proton beam is going from north to south and an electron beam is going from south to north, so in which direction is the electron beam deflected Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution . [/B] I thought an electron...
50. ### Charged particle in a magnetic field

Homework Statement Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution Velocity of particle at any time t is v = vxi + vyj Net Force on the particle F = (2qvyB)i + (2qvxB)j Net acceleration of the particle = F/m Magnitude of net acceleration = (2qvB)/m Particle has an initial velocity as well...