Check the spectral theorem for this matrix

  • Thread starter Herculi
  • Start date
  • #1
83
11
Homework Statement:
.
Relevant Equations:
.
1615235843259.png

I found three projection operators
$$P_{1}=
\begin{pmatrix}
1/2 & & \\
& -\sqrt{2}/2 & \\
& & 1/2
\end{pmatrix}$$
$$P_{2}=
\begin{pmatrix}
1/2 & & \\
& \sqrt{2}/2 & \\
& & 1/2
\end{pmatrix}$$
$$P_{3}=
\begin{pmatrix}
-1/\sqrt{2} & & \\
& & \\
& & 1/\sqrt{2}
\end{pmatrix}$$

From this five properties
1615235980298.png
, i am having trouble to prove the ii, iii, and iv. I mean, i could understand this conditions in the continuous situation, in which we can make the "eigenvalue tends to" something. But how to interpret it when we are dealing with discrete conditions? In which we have really just three eigenvalues.
 

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Answers and Replies

  • #2
Office_Shredder
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
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What is the definition of E in those statements?
 
  • #3
Keith_McClary
Gold Member
675
1,248
##E(\lambda)## is an projection (operator) valued function. In the case of discrete eigenvalues it is a step function which has a step at each eigenvalue . ##dE(\lambda)/d\lambda## has a ##\delta## function spike at each eigenvalue, which gives you the discrete eigenvalue when you integrate.
 

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