# CIRCUITS: Three resistors, two Indep. Voltage sources, one Indep. Current source

1. Oct 17, 2006

### VinnyCee

Find I in the circuit using the superposition principle:

My work so far:

$$I\,=\,I_1\,+\,I_2\,+\,I_3$$

This reduces down to:

$$16\,V\,=\,I_1\,(8\Omega)$$
$$I_1\,=\,\frac{16\,V}{8\Omega}\,=\,2\,A$$

This reduces down to:

$$I_2\,=\,-\frac{12\,V}{8\Omega}\,=\,-\frac{3}{2}$$

But how do I solve this circuit?:

Last edited: Oct 17, 2006
2. Oct 17, 2006

### SGT

First of all. The equivalent load for the two voltage sources is $$16\Omega$$ and not $$8\Omega$$. So, I1 = 1A and I2 = -3/4A.
For the third circuit, forget the ground. The $$6\Omega$$ and $$8\Omega$$ resistors are in series and their series equivalent is in parallel with the $$2\Omega$$ resistor.

3. Oct 17, 2006

### VinnyCee

The cuurent that I am looking for (I1) is in between the two resistors that are 8-ohms. I know they are in series and combined they are 16-ohm but don't I have to leave them like that to get the right answer since the current is between them?

4. Oct 18, 2006

### OlderDan

That current goes through both resistors. It is OK to keep them separate, but then you have two voltage drops of 8I1 and 8I1. The net effect is the same as one 16 ohm resistor. You do not have to keep them separate; you can always replace a series combination of resistors by one equivalent resistor.

5. Oct 18, 2006

### VinnyCee

OIC - The same current goes through both resistors BECAUSE they are in series!

So that means that:

$$I_1\,=\,1\,A$$

$$I_2\,=\,-\frac{3}{4}\,A$$

But how do I find $I_3$ in the last circuit?

Last edited: Oct 18, 2006
6. Oct 18, 2006

### VinnyCee

So the circuit would look like this?:

$$4\,A\,=\,I_3\,+\,I_3'$$

$$14\,\left(4\,A\,=\,\frac{v_1}{2\Omega}\,+\,\frac{v_1}{14\Omega}\right)$$

$$v_1\,=\,7\,V$$

$$I_3\,=\,\frac{v_1}{14\Omega}\,=\,\frac{(7\,V)}{14\Omega}\,=\,\frac{1}{2}\,A$$

$$I\,=\,I_1\,+\,I_2\,+\,I_3$$

$$I\,=\,\left(1\,A\right)\,+\,\left(-\,\frac{3}{4}\,A\right)\,+\,\left(\frac{1}{2}\,A\right)\,=\,\frac{3}{4}\,A$$

That is right, thanks everyone!

Last edited: Oct 18, 2006