Confusion in Adding Vectors: How to Find Missing Magnitudes and Angles?

In summary, the diagram and equations provided in the homework help you find the angle and magnitude of the resultant vector when rA+rB=rC.
  • #1
Alexandra Fabiello
42
1
Homework Statement
Two position vectors lie in a plane. The first, vector
rA,
points at an angle of 20° below the positive x-axis and has a magnitude of 55.0 m. The second, vector
rB,
points at an angle of 47.0° above the positive x-axis and has a magnitude of 75 m.

What is the magnitude and direction of vector
rC if rA + rB = rC? Give the direction as an angle measured counterclockwise from the positive x-axis.
Relevant Equations
a^2 = b^2 + c^2 ?
not sure what else
I am admittedly entirely confused as to where to start, sorry.
1570140808738.png
This is the diagram I'm given that fits with the rA + rB.

If rB is 47.0 degrees above the x-axis normally, it would be the same counter-clockwise here, right? Then 180 - 47 = 133 degrees for the clockwise angle. But now I'm stuck with how to find rC. If I assume this is actually a right angle triangle, rC ends up being about 93 degrees, but I can't really be sure it's really a right angle, so how do I do that? The book is confusing in this area, and so was the teacher.

If this is better on another thread, please let me know which one.
 
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  • #2
It’s best to break up each vector into its x and y components, then add up both x components then add up both y components, and the mag of the resultant vector will then be obtained using Pythagorean’s theorem, because now you have a right triangle. The direction comes from trig. If you haven’t gone into this yet, you can use the law of cosines.
 
  • #3
Since I see that you have setup the triangle of the vectors, I would advise you to use the law of cosines. No it isn't a right triangle so we can't use Pythagorean, that's why we use cosine law which is a generalization of Pythagorean theorem and it holds even in non right triangles.
Now, in order to use cosine law we must know the angle between ##\vec{r_A}## and ##\vec{r_B}## (as well as the magnitudes of each vector which magnitudes are directly given by the statement). we can calculate this angle from the given data of the statement. What do you think is that angle?

After you 've found this angle and calculate the magnitude of ##\vec{r_C}##, you can then use the law of sines to calculate the angle that ##\vec{r_C}## makes with ##\vec{r_A}##.
 
Last edited:
  • #4
Well that didn't work. Do I consider the A vectors as negative when I add the components?
 
  • #5
Alexandra Fabiello said:
Well that didn't work. Do I consider the A vectors as negative when I add the components?
You have to show us your work in order for us to see what mistakes you did. How did you applied cosines law? I suspect you used the wrong angle...

if you did it using the x and y components approach, the y component for vector A will be negative.
 
  • #6
Alexandra Fabiello said:
Well that didn't work. Do I consider the A vectors as negative when I add the components?
The x component of the A vector is positive since it projects rightward along the positive x axis. The y component of the A vector is negative since it projects downward along the negative y axis.
You should note that both components of the B vector are positive since the x component of B projects rightward and the y component of B projects upward.
 
  • #7
Alexandra Fabiello said:
Homework Statement: Two position vectors lie in a plane. The first, vector
rA,
points at an angle of 20° below the positive x-axis and has a magnitude of 55.0 m. The second, vector
rB,
points at an angle of 47.0° above the positive x-axis and has a magnitude of 75 m.

What is the magnitude and direction of vector
rC if rA + rB = rC? Give the direction as an angle measured counterclockwise from the positive x-axis.
Homework Equations: a^2 = b^2 + c^2 ?
not sure what else

I am admittedly entirely confused as to where to start, sorry.
View attachment 250660 This is the diagram I'm given that fits with the rA + rB.

If rB is 47.0 degrees above the x-axis normally, it would be the same counter-clockwise here, right? Then 180 - 47 = 133 degrees for the clockwise angle. But now I'm stuck with how to find rC. If I assume this is actually a right angle triangle, rC ends up being about 93 degrees, but I can't really be sure it's really a right angle, so how do I do that? The book is confusing in this area, and so was the teacher.

If this is better on another thread, please let me know which one.
Your diagram looks good. Note that when you add two vectors like this, you should imagine that the origin moves to the tip of the first vector. That's what tells you how to draw the second vector.

I would draw some dotted lines at the tip of the first vector to represent the translated x and y axes, then draw the second vector according to its definition.

As mentioned above, you will not always get a right angled triangle.

You can get the magnitude of the resultant vector from the law of cosine. And you should be able to get its angle from the law of sines. Alternatively using vector components is a general and reliable way to tackle the problem. The diagram should help you check you are adding the components correctly and help you check your answer looks sensible.
 
  • #8
Never mind, I got it. Just had to do a lot of diagrams and turn everything into right angle triangles, and it worked out.

Thanks everyone!
 

What is the difference between adding vectors algebraically and graphically?

When adding vectors algebraically, you use the components of the vectors (x and y values) to find the resulting vector. Graphically, you use the head-to-tail method to draw the vectors and then find the resulting vector by connecting the tail of the first vector to the head of the last vector.

How do I determine the direction of the resulting vector when adding vectors?

The direction of the resulting vector can be determined by using trigonometric functions such as sine, cosine, and tangent. The angle between the resulting vector and the x-axis can be found by taking the inverse tangent of the y-component divided by the x-component.

Do I need to convert units when adding vectors?

Yes, it is important to make sure that all vectors have the same units before adding them. If the units are different, you will need to convert them to the same units before adding to get an accurate result.

What happens if the vectors being added are in opposite directions?

If the vectors are in opposite directions, the resulting vector will have a magnitude of 0. This means that the vectors are canceling each other out and there is no net displacement or force.

Can I add more than two vectors at a time?

Yes, you can add any number of vectors by using the head-to-tail method. Simply draw all the vectors in the correct direction and then connect the tail of the first vector to the head of the last vector to find the resulting vector.

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