• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Conservation of Momentum Conceptual Questions

  • Thread starter pcypoon
  • Start date
  • #1
1
0

Homework Statement


1. A moving object collides with a stationary object.
(a) Is it possible for both objects to be at rest after the collision? If "yes," give an example. If "no," explain why not.
(b) Is it possible for only one object to be at rest after the collision? If "yes," give an example. If "no," explain why not.


Homework Equations



p tot = ptot'
p = mv

The Attempt at a Solution



(a) ptot = m1v1 + m2v2
m2v2 is 0,
ptot' = m1v1' + m2v2'
ptot = ptot'
m1v1 = m1v1' + m2v2'
Now I'm stuck, I think the answer is no, i think both of them will move, but how do I show this?

(b) same problem, I'm stuck!

Homework Statement



2. A wet snowball of mass m, travelling at speed v, strikes a tree. It sticks to the tree and stops. Does this example violate the law of conservation of momentum? Explain.


Homework Equations


p= mv



The Attempt at a Solution


this is what I thought m1 is snowball m2 is tree
m1v1 + m2v2 = (m1+m2)'v12'
LS = m1v1
RS = (m1+m2)' v12'
LS does not equal right side, therefore LOC of M does not hold, but I feel that I have done a fallacious step somewhere.

Homework Statement



5. An object of mass m has an elastic collision with another object initially at rest, and continues to move in the original direction but with one-third its original speed. What is the mass of the other object in terms of m?

Homework Equations



p = mv
Ek = 1/2mv^2

The Attempt at a Solution


Given
m1 =?
m2= ?
v1 = ?
v2 = 0
v1' = 1/3(v1)
v2' = ?

m1v1 + m2v2 = m1v1' + m2v2'
m1v1 = m1v1" + m2v2'
m1v1 = m1(1/3v1) + m2v2'
Now I am stuck, How do I solve for m2? Do I use Ek = 1/2mv^2 eqns and stuff.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Delphi51
Homework Helper
3,407
10
Welcome to PF!
(a) ptot = m1v1 + m2v2
m2v2 is 0, ptot' = m1v1' + m2v2'
Maybe it is just too late at night, but all these symbols don't seem to be very clarifying.
Why not just say initial p = m1*v1 ≠ 0. So, if momentum is conserved in the collision, then momentum is not zero afterwards either.

(b) Time to go play pool or curling. If you must play with equations, don't bother writing terms that are known to be zero.
 

Related Threads on Conservation of Momentum Conceptual Questions

Replies
5
Views
7K
Replies
5
Views
757
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
7K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
948
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
11
Views
2K
Replies
9
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
3K
Top