Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Convolution of a gaussian function and a hole

  1. Jul 17, 2010 #1

    I want to do the convolution of a gaussian function and a hole. If I want to use Fourier transform which functions should I use? Can I use rms? I want to calculate the spot size of a gaussian signal after a circular aperture.

  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 17, 2010 #2
    Re: Convolution

    rms has nothing to do with either convolutions or Fourier transforms. Use the Fourier transform for whatever function you mean by a "hole". Fourier transform of a Gaussian is also a Gaussian.
  4. Jul 18, 2010 #3
    Re: Convolution

    Thanks for the reply. Yes, I know rms has nothing to do with fourier transform, I was asking if I could use it instead...
    Last edited: Jul 18, 2010
  5. Jul 18, 2010 #4
    Re: Convolution

    Instead of what ?

    It has nothing to do with the Fourier transform. It has nothing to do with convolution.

    You question involved convolution.

    Do you understand what convolution is ? And do you understand the relationship between the convolution algebra [tex] L^1(\mathbb R^n)[/tex] and the algebra [tex]C_0( \mathbb R^n)[/tex] ?

    Both are Banach algebras and the Fourier transform is a continuous homomorphism from [tex] L^1(\mathbb R^n)[/tex] to [tex]C_0( \mathbb R^n)[/tex] which is injective but not surjective. Thus the Fourier transform can sometimes be used to calculate convolutions that are difficult to calculate directly. It takes convolutions (hard to understand) to pointwise multiplication (easy to understand).
  6. Jul 18, 2010 #5
    Re: Convolution

    Yes, I do understand what a convolution is, I think you are the one not understanding my question. I am not asking how to calculate a convolution, obviously if I am talking about fourier transform I know how to do this...I was wondering about the most suited way to model this physical phenomenon (beam after aperture). But I guess I shouldn't have posted in this section of the forum, I thought I would found multi-skilled people...
    Last edited: Jul 18, 2010
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook