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The answer is not (a).tyogav said:The answer is given as (a).
DrClaude said:The answer is not (a).
Edit: To prove that it can't be (a), see Bose-Einstein Condensation of Atomic Hydrogen
ThanksDrDu said:Yes, because it is the only atom in the list with an even number if nucleons and an odd number of electrons an hence a fermion.
A boson is a type of elementary particle that follows Bose-Einstein statistics, which means they can occupy the same quantum state at the same time.
Bosons have an integer spin, while other particles, such as fermions, have a half-integer spin. This difference in spin is what allows bosons to exhibit unique quantum behaviors, such as forming Bose-Einstein condensates.
To be considered a boson, a particle must have an integer spin and obey Bose-Einstein statistics. This means that it must be able to occupy the same quantum state as other bosons and exhibit behaviors such as superposition and entanglement.
A Bose-Einstein condensate is a state of matter that occurs when a group of bosons are cooled to near absolute zero. At this temperature, bosons lose their individual identities and merge into a single quantum state, exhibiting unique properties such as coherence and macroscopic quantum phenomena.
Bose-Einstein condensates have been used in various research areas, such as studying quantum mechanics, superfluidity, and atomic clocks. They have also been used to develop technologies like atom interferometers and quantum sensors. In addition, scientists are still exploring potential applications of BECs in areas such as quantum computing and precision measurements.