# Homework Help: Differentiable Function on an interval

1. Dec 4, 2011

### Punkyc7

Let f:[a,b]$\rightarrow$R be continuous on [a,b] and differentiable in (a,b). Show that if lim f'(x)=A as x goes to a then f'(a) exist and equals A.

So I was thinking this has to do either with the mean value theorem or Darboux's Theorem.

I have that
f(b)-f(a)=f'(c)(b-a) by the mean value theorem.

From here I stuck on how to get the x into the equation.
Would I say that let x=c.

Then we have
f'(x)=$\frac{f(b)-f(a)}{b-a}$=A

If so how would I work in the f'(a)?

2. Jun 27, 2012

### math man

It really comes down to the definitions of continuity and differentiability. They are asking you to show that:
if f(x) is continuous for all x $\in$ [a,b]
and if f(x) is differentiable for all x $\in$ (a,b)
and if lim f'(x) as x->a exists
then f'(a) exists
f(x) is differentiable in the interval (a,b) and the one-sided limit as x->a of f'(x) exists, therefore f'(a) exists. If f'(a) exists, then f'(x) is differentiable at x=a. Differentiability implies continuity, and so f'(x) would also be continuous at x=a. If f'(x) is continuous at x=a, then you can say by the definition of continuity that:
$\stackrel{lim}{x→a} f'(x) = f'(a) = A$

Last edited: Jun 27, 2012
3. Jun 27, 2012

### HallsofIvy

"If f'(a) exists, then f'(x) is differentiable at x= a" That is, that f is twice differentiable at x= a? Why is that true?

It looks to me like the statement in the first post is not even true. Let f(x)= |x|. Then f is continuous for all x and so on [0, 1]. Further, f is differentiable in (0, 1)- its derivative is just 1 for all x in (0, 1). The limit of f'(x), as x goes to 0, is, of course, 1 but f is NOT differentable at x= 0.

4. Jun 27, 2012

### math man

Sorry, you are correct HallsofIvy. I don't know how I missed that. Well, at least the first part is correct, f'(a) exists. I guess the question then is does continuity and differentiability of f imply continuity of df/dx? I know that f(x) being differentiable alone doesn't necessarily prove it, but if f(x) is also continuous then I see no reason why df/dx is not continuous. I have googled it extensively with not much luck.

5. Jun 27, 2012

### math man

$f'(x) = \stackrel{lim}{s→x}\frac{f(s)-f(x)}{s-x}$
$\stackrel{lim}{x→a}f'(x)$
$= \stackrel{lim}{(x→a)} \stackrel{lim}{(s→x)}\frac{f(s)-f(x)}{s-x}$
$= \stackrel{lim}{s→a}\frac{f(s)-f(a)}{s-a} = f'(a)$
$\stackrel{lim}{x→a}f'(x) = f'(a) = A$