# Homework Help: Differential equation substitution method

1. May 18, 2009

### tony873004

$$\begin{array}{l} \frac{{dy}}{{dx}} = \frac{{4x^2 + 5xy + y^2 }}{{x^2 }} \\ \\ \frac{{dy}}{{dx}} = 4 + \frac{{5y}}{x} + \left( {\frac{y}{x}} \right)^2 \\ \\ {\rm{Let }}v = y/x\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,y = vx \\ \\ \frac{{dy}}{{dx}} = 4 + \frac{{5v}}{{xx}} + \left( {\frac{{vx}}{x}} \right)^2 \\ \\ \frac{{dy}}{{dx}} = 4 + \frac{{5v}}{{x^2 }} + v^2 \\ \end{array}$$

But the class notes say the final line should be
$$\frac{dy}{dx}=x\frac{dv}{dx}+v$$
How did he get that?
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

2. May 18, 2009

### waht

Take the derivative of y = vx with respect to x, then equate it, and you are done.

3. May 18, 2009

### gabbagabbahey

This should be $\frac{dy}{dx}= 4 + \frac{{5vx}}{{x}} + \left( {\frac{{vx}}{x}} \right)^2=4+5v+v^2$

Use the product rule to differentiate $y=vx$.