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Homework Help: Diffracting grating problem

  1. Dec 18, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A diffraction grating has period D, and each element of the grating consists of a pair of narrow slits separated by D/N where N is an integer.
    a) Sketch the diffraction pattern when the grating is normally illuminated
    b)Calculate the relative intensities $I_n$ of the various diffraction peaks of order n, for the case N=4. Which peaks are forbidden?
    c)For the case N=2 show that the solution reduced to that of a simple grating of period D/2.

    2. Relevant equations

    See step 3 for my full attempt to solve the problem.

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I am aware that the above solution is incorrect, because I ended up ignoring so many things that the solution equals to the one for a double slit, but superposed on a comb of delta functions. My problem is that I don't know how to write the complete function of the grating as a simple function which one could nicely manipulate. Could someone please point me in the correct direction?

    P.s I am aware that my attempt of the solution is not the most clear.

    P.s.s Link to the higher resolution picture here.

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 19, 2014 #2


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    2017 Award

    Staff: Mentor

    "narrow slits" -> you can ignore single-slit effects. There is no envelope.

    The pattern there is for the grating. You can see which phase you get between the two slits for those peaks.
    What are g and a?
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