# Diodes in parallel with resistors and terminal PD

1. Feb 11, 2013

### mrcotton

1.

The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

The problem is not answering the questions, as supplied by the book
The book then asks you to reverse both diodes, so you still have one diode in the circuit that lets current pass through it and one that does not.
When you solve for the PD at Q you use the 0.6V of the diode and therefore because parallel the 10kOhm resistor also gets 0.6V so therefore the resistor at P gets 3.0-0.6=2.4V the rest of the 3V terminal PD

My question is what happens if we only reverse 1 diode, so that both are now in the same direction as conventional current flow.

2. Relevant equations

My understanding that a diode will only take the 0.6V then the current will flow through it.
Also the same PD will be accross any branch of a parallel oart of a circuit

3. The attempt at a solution

If both resistors and diodes only get 0.6 volts each than the total circuit voltage is only 1.2V

Is this correct?
Any ideas welcomed

2. Feb 11, 2013

### Integral

Staff Emeritus
No, it is not correct. The total voltage must equal the battery voltage. Note that one of the diodes will be conducting, the other will not.

3. Feb 11, 2013

### mrcotton

Thanks for responding Integral
I am happy that in the circuit above the diode at X lets current flow through it at 0.6V and therfore the 10kOhms resistor at Q has this 0.6V across it as well.
Then the other diode at Y does not so the 5kOhm resistor at P has the rest of the PD at 2.4V

If I change the circuit to this one below by turning the diode Y the other way, by the logic above why do they not both now only get 0.6V

I am as dumb as I look
Thank you

4. Feb 11, 2013

### Redbelly98

Staff Emeritus
The 0.6V rule-of-thumb for diodes is a very rough approximation that holds at modest current levels. It is possible to go higher in voltage, but the resulting currents will be enormous and in practice will burn out the diode.

A more sophisticated model of a diode's voltage-current relation is here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diode#Shockley_diode_equation

That is, current through a diode increases roughly exponentially with voltage. It might increase by a factor of 10 for every 0.05 to 0.1 V increase (if my memory is correct), and over a wide range of operating currents the voltage will be somewhere between 0.5 and 0.8 V.

5. Feb 11, 2013

### mrcotton

Thanks RedBelly98
So if we just had the two diodes and the 3V cell they would both get 1.5V and a large current would flow that would burn them out?

If we have the two diodes and two resistor in the second case then because there is a resistor in parallel in series with each other we would get voltage drops across the two resisitors with the 10kOhm recieving more of the voltage to push the same current through

cant we just stick to bulbs and resistors!

6. Feb 11, 2013

### Redbelly98

Staff Emeritus
Yes. (Assuming they are identical diodes.)
The 10Ω resistor would have slightly more voltage than the 5k. I don't think "pushing the same current through" is an adequate description of what is going on though.
Most intro physics courses (i.e., high school or college freshman level) do not deal with diodes.