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Direction of acceleration when direction of moving particle changes by 90 degrees?

  • Thread starter Mr Virtual
  • Start date
1. Homework Statement

A particle is moving eastwards with a velocity of 5m/s. In 10 seconds, the velocity changes to 5 m/s northwards. What is the average acceleration time? What is the direction of accleration?


2. Homework Equations

a=v-u/t

3. The Attempt at a Solution

initial velocity northwards = u = 0 m/s
final velocity northwards = v = 5 m/s
t = 10 s
a = v-u/t= 1/2 m/s^2

Now initial direction = eastwards = 0 degree
final direction = northwards = resultant = 90 degree
therefore, using vector rules, direction of acceleration = north-west = 120 degree

Am I right?

Mr V
 

bel

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Imagine, for the sake of simplicity, that the particle was undergoing uniform circular motion, then everything will be easy.
 

Dick

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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Imagine, for the sake of simplicity, that the particle was undergoing uniform circular motion, then everything will be easy.
Don't do that. Just subtract the initial velocity vector from the final and divide by delta t (though the final division won't affect the direction). NW is ok but why 120 degrees?
 
Don't do that. Just subtract the initial velocity vector from the final and divide by delta t (though the final division won't affect the direction). NW is ok but why 120 degrees?
Oh, I just thought that if E is 0 degrees, then north west will be 120 degrees.

Thanks a lot.

Mr V
 

HallsofIvy

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No, it would be 90+ 45= 125 degrees. (Normally North is at 0 degrees and Northwest at 360- 45= 315 degrees.)
 

HallsofIvy

Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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No, it would be 90+ 45= 125 degrees. (Normally North is at 0 degrees and Northwest at 360- 45= 315 degrees.)
 
Oh, yeah. My mistake.

Mr V
 

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