- #1
mopar969
- 201
- 0
How do you calculate the distance above the surface of the Earth to geosynchronous orbit.
The distance to geosynchronous orbit is approximately 35,786 kilometers (22,236 miles) from the Earth's surface.
This distance is significant because it is the point at which an object in orbit around the Earth will have an orbital period of exactly 24 hours, matching the rotation of the Earth. This allows the object to appear stationary in the sky relative to a specific location on Earth.
The distance to geosynchronous orbit is calculated using the orbital period of 24 hours, the gravitational constant of the Earth, and the mass of the Earth. This calculation is known as the geosynchronous orbit radius formula.
Satellites used for telecommunications, weather monitoring, and GPS navigation are often placed in geosynchronous orbit due to their need for a stable and constant position above a specific location on Earth.
The distance to geosynchronous orbit has significant effects on the performance of a satellite, including the amount of fuel required for orbit maintenance and the delay in communication signals due to the distance. It also affects the amount of solar energy a satellite can receive for power generation.