# Drop a ball - where does the energy go?

1. Jan 30, 2014

### oneamp

Hi -

If I lift a bowling ball in the air, so that it has potential energy, then drop it on the dirt, it makes a sound and a dent. Where did all the energy go? It did not all go to sound, since there's a dent, right? A small bit went to heat... what else?

Thanks

2. Jan 30, 2014

### A.T.

All of it goes to heat, after a while.

3. Jan 30, 2014

### dauto

The bit that went to heat aint small. Do the following experiment. Ask someone to hold a piece of paper up in the air for you and Bang two pieces of steel together making sure the paper is caught in between them. There should be a burnt spot on the paper afterwards.

4. Jan 30, 2014

### oneamp

Thanks

5. Jan 30, 2014

### Oldfart

That's interesting, dauto. If I'm lost in Alaska and about to freeze, and find two hammers and some paper, is it possible that I could start a fire to save my life?

6. Jan 30, 2014

### HallsofIvy

Staff Emeritus
Initially some energy goes into the kinetic energy of the little pieces of dirt that are moved away to make that 'dent'. Of course, all of those eventually (very quickly) stop because of friction- which is the same as saying the energy becomes heat energy. (In the long scale 'eventually' all energy becomes heat.)

7. Jan 30, 2014

### dauto

Unlikely. The paper burns but you don't get a flame that way. The heat dissipates to quickly

8. Jan 30, 2014

### Oldfart

Hmmm... What if you lightly soaked the paper in alcohol first? Anyone want to give that a try?

9. Jan 30, 2014

### phinds

Nah, you do it ... I'm drinking my alcohol

10. Jan 30, 2014

### j824h

As mentioned by dauto the heat dissipates very fast, I don't think alcohol will be effective since the temperature will go below the flash point even before oxygen is supplied.

11. Jan 30, 2014

### Oldfart

Well, we won't really know until some idiot tries it, right?

Maybe I'll give it a shot tomorrow...

12. Feb 1, 2014

### Lok

Heat is not the only energy transformation. The dent means plastic deformation, so the breaking or tensing material. So energy gets stored in material induced stresses and get's absorbed by the breaking of chemical or physical bonds. The plastic deformation energy is not all transformable to heat and is very material dependent.