# Dumb Question: Why Do You Add Exponents When Multiplying?

When multiplying x2 and x5, we get x7. Quick, dumb question:

jedishrfu
Mentor
Think of the exponent as counting the number of factors so x^2 is x*x and x^5 is x*x*x*x*x and when multiplied together gives you 7 x's or x^7

Mark44
Mentor
When multiplying x2 and x5, we get x7. Quick, dumb question:

##x^2## means ##x \cdot x##, and ##x^2## means ##x \cdot x \cdot x \cdot x \cdot x##, so ##x^2 \cdot x^5## means ##x \cdot x \cdot x \cdot x \cdot x \cdot x \cdot x##, right? How many factors of x are there in that last expression?

Think of the exponent as counting the number of factors so x^2 is x*x and x^5 is x*x*x*x*x and when multiplied together gives you 7 x's or x^7
This might seem a little dumb, but I figured that multiplying would give you 10 still. Using your example above,

x2 = x*x
x5 = x*x*x*x*x

Wouldn't x2 * x5 = x*x; x*x; x*x; x*x; x*x? Basically, you'd have a pair of x*x's five times. Or, you would get:

x*x*x*x*x; x*x*x*x*x Or, in other words, two groups of x*x*x*x*x.

It's the same idea with regular multiplication, where if you have 2X5, then it's like

|| || || || || (five groups of two) or |||||; ||||| (two groups of five)

I just don't quite understand why we're adding and getting 7 (instead of 10), since the operation is to multiply exponents. Do you guys see what I mean?

If they want you to add the exponents, then why not just say x2 + x5?

Mark44
Mentor
This might seem a little dumb, but I figured that multiplying would give you 10 still. Using your example above,

x2 = x*x
x5 = x*x*x*x*x

Wouldn't x2 * x5 = x*x; x*x; x*x; x*x; x*x?
No.
What you have written is ##(x^2)^5##, or 5 factors of ##x^2##, making 10 factors of x, or ##x^{10}##.
With ##(x^2) \cdot (x^5)## you have two factors of x multiplying 5 factors of x, making 7 factors of x, or ##x^7##.
pandaexpress said:
Basically, you'd have a pair of x*x's five times. Or, you would get:

x*x*x*x*x; x*x*x*x*x Or, in other words, two groups of x*x*x*x*x.

It's the same idea with regular multiplication, where if you have 2X5, then it's like

|| || || || || (five groups of two) or |||||; ||||| (two groups of five)

I just don't quite understand why we're adding and getting 7 (instead of 10), since the operation is to multiply exponents.
No, again. The operation is to multiply ##x^2## and ##x^5##, which results in the exponents being added.
pandaexpress said:
Do you guys see what I mean?

If they want you to add the exponents, then why not just say x2 + x5?
Because the terms in ##x^2 + x^5## are not like terms (i.e., same exponent), they can't be combined.

Maybe try looking at it with numbers. For example, when ##x=2##, ##x^2\cdot x^5## is ##4\cdot32=128=2^7##. Try it with some more numbers. Now you will see that indeed, as Mark44 said, ##x^2\cdot x^5=(x\cdot x)\cdot(x\cdot x\cdot x\cdot x\cdot x)## and not what you wrote.

• symbolipoint