# Eigenvalues of linear operators

Let V be the vector space of all real integrable functions on [0,1] with inner product $$<f,g>=\int_0^1 f(t)g(t)dt$$

Three linear operators defined on this space are $$A=d/dt$$ and $$B=t$$ and $$C=1$$ so that $$Af=df/dt$$ and $$Bf=tf$$ and $$Cf=f$$

I need to find the eigenvalues of these operators:

For A:
$$\frac{df}{dt} = \lambdaf$$
$$\frac{d ln(f)}{dt} = \lambda$$
$$d(ln(f))=\lambda dt+c$$
$$f=ce^{\lambda t}$$

So the eigenvalues for A are continuous and can be any real number.

For B:
$$tf=\lambda f$$
$$\lambda =t$$

The eigenvalues are the variable t?

For B;
$$Cf=f=\lambda f$$
The eigenvalue is 1.

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Let V be the vector space of all real integrable functions on [0,1] with inner product $$<f,g>=\int_0^1 f(t)g(t)dt$$

Three linear operators defined on this space are $$A=d/dt$$ and $$B=t$$ and $$C=1$$ so that $$Af=df/dt$$ and $$Bf=tf$$ and $$Cf=f$$

I need to find the eigenvalues of these operators:

For A:
$$\frac{df}{dt} = \lambdaf$$
$$\frac{d ln(f)}{dt} = \lambda$$
$$d(ln(f))=\lambda dt+c$$
$$f=ce^{\lambda t}$$

So the eigenvalues for A are continuous and can be any real number.
I'm not sure I like the statement "the eigenvalues of A are continuous". What does it mean for a number to be "continuous"? But, yes, every real number is an eigenvalue- the set of eigenvalues is a continuous interval rather than discreet.

For B:
$$tf=\lambda f$$
$$\lambda =t$$

The eigenvalues are the variable t?
No, eigenvalues are NUMBERS, not variables. $tf= \lambda f$ if and only if f(t)= 0 for all t, the "zero vector". This operator has NO eigenvalues.

For B;
$$Cf=f=\lambda f$$
The eigenvalue is 1.